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Arthritis Of The Thumb: Orthopedic Treatment

Arthritis Of The Thumb: Orthopedic Treatment

Arthritis is an inflammatory disorder affecting the various joints in the body. Of the nearly hundred types of Arthritis, the most prevalent are Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis. The former is an autoimmune disorder and the joints usually affected are those of the hands and feet. Osteoarthritis, on the other hand, is an age-related degenerative disease leading to a destruction of the bones in the joints of hips, knees, and fingers. In Osteoarthritis, the cartilage covering the bones where they come together at the joint wears away with age; this causes friction between...

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Facet Joint Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Facet Joint Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Facet Joints’ or Z-joints (zygapophyseal joints) are pairs of joints that connect the bones of the spine. They are located in the posterior aspect of the spine. Facet Joints allow the spine to bend and twist while limiting the extent to which the spine does so. The roots of various spinal nerves pass from the spinal cord to arms, legs and other parts of the body through these joints. Like the knee-joint, they too contain cartilage, synovium, and synovial fluid which facilitate easy, frictionless movement of the spinal vertebrae against each other. Facet joint disorders are...

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Post-Tib Tendonitis: Orthopedic Treatment

Post-Tib Tendonitis: Orthopedic Treatment

A tendon is a soft tissue structure that connects the muscles to the bones. The posterior tibial tendon is found on the inner side of the foot near the ankle and it connects the calf muscle to the ankle. It is a an important tendon in the leg as it supports the foot while walking and hold up the foot arch. Stress caused to this particular tendon is known as the Post-Tib Tendonitis. Stress may be in the form of inflammation or tearing of this tendon. It may result in loss of foot stability and collapse of the foot arch. Causes Presence of over-pronation feet causes damage to...

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Proximal Humerus Fracture

Proximal Humerus Fracture

Proximal Humerus Fracture is a common type of injury of the shoulder joint that is prevalent in the elderly people. It is essentially a broken or cracked shoulder bone. This joint is made up of the shoulder blade (scapula), upper part of the humerus and the collar bone (clavicle). Tissues, ligaments, tendons keep the bones connected and help in movement of the arm. These bones together form 3 important joints- the sternoclavicular, the glenohumeral and the acromioclavicular joints. Proximal Humerus Fracture is a type of fracture that damages the upper part of the humerus bone...

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Orthopedic Treatment For Lateral Epicondylitis

Orthopedic Treatment For Lateral Epicondylitis

Lateral Epicondylitis or "Tennis Elbow," is a condition that affects the elbow joint. This joint is made up of 3 bones- humerus, ulna and radius. There are some bony bumps at the base of the humerus (upper arm bone) which are called epicondyles. The bony bump that is found on the outer side of the elbow is the lateral epicondyle. These bones are held together by the muscles, tendons and ligaments. In case of Lateral Epicondylitis, the tendons of the forearm get swollen due to overuse and thus cannot lend support to the hands, wrist, elbow and upper arm. It is a painful...

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