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Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness

Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness

Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS) is a muscle related pain that occurs due to excessive exercising. Simultaneous contraction and lengthening of the muscles, in most cases, is the underlying cause of this condition. Running downhill, squatting, plyometric exercises are typical examples. Such microtraumas may cause an imbalance between the electrolyte as well as intramuscular fluids present in the body. This affects the muscle’s capacity to absorb shocks, maintain coordination and their ability to contract. This condition typically affects the athletes and is considered to be...

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Swimmer’s Shoulder: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Swimmer’s Shoulder: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Swimming may place severe stress on the shoulder and other parts of the body. Swimmer’s Shoulder, also known as the Impingement Syndrome, refers to a wide set of symptoms relating to traumatic injuries stemming from undue exertion over an extended period of time, i.e. overuse, of the various parts of the shoulder while swimming. Pain is an inevitable result of such exertion and may be limited to the shoulder joint and muscles or spread in either direction - to the extremities and neck. The condition involves chronic inflammation of the muscles, ligaments and tendons of the...

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Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: Orthopedic Treatment

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: Orthopedic Treatment

Compression of the nerves or blood vessels in the space that lies between the collar bone and the first rib is referred to as Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS). A network of nerves known as the brachial plexus emerges from the spine and spreads out to the shoulder, neck, arms and hands. These nerves control the sensation in these parts of the body. Compression of the brachial plexus may result in a host of symptoms. Causes Trauma due to vehicular accident (Whiplash injury) Congenital anatomical disorders such as presence of an extra rib bone Pregnancy related changes in the body...

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Patellar Dislocation

Patellar Dislocation

The patella, commonly called the kneecap, is one of the main bones that make up the knee joint and is to the front of the joint. It is a triangular sesamoid bone (i.e. a bone embedded in a tendon) that sits in the patella-femoral groove which is a hollow or notch at the end of the thigh bone (femur) – the end where it meets the shin bone (tibia). It is held in position by a number of tendons and ligaments which let it move up and down the groove when the leg is bent or flexed at the knee joint. In some cases, the patella slips out of the patellofemoral groove partially...

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Orthopedic Treatment For Olecranon Fracture

Orthopedic Treatment For Olecranon Fracture

The elbow is a crucial joint which works like a hinge. It allows the forearm to be stretched forward or bent up towards the shoulder. The joint is also responsible for rotation (necessary for moving the hand palm up or palm down) of the forearm. It is stabilized and supported by a group of bones, muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Median, Radial and Ulnar nerves are the major nerves that cross the elbow. The elbow joint contains an extremity of three bones: humerus, radius and ulna. Distal humerus is the lower extremity of humerus; radial head is the rounded upper end of radius;...

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