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Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: Orthopedic Treatment

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: Orthopedic Treatment

Compression of the nerves or blood vessels in the space that lies between the collar bone and the first rib is referred to as Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS). A network of nerves known as the brachial plexus emerges from the spine and spreads out to the shoulder, neck, arms and hands. These nerves control the sensation in these parts of the body. Compression of the brachial plexus may result in a host of symptoms. Causes Trauma due to vehicular accident (Whiplash injury) Congenital anatomical disorders such as presence of an extra rib bone Pregnancy related changes in the body...

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Patellar Dislocation

Patellar Dislocation

The patella, commonly called the kneecap, is one of the main bones that make up the knee joint and is to the front of the joint. It is a triangular sesamoid bone (i.e. a bone embedded in a tendon) that sits in the patella-femoral groove which is a hollow or notch at the end of the thigh bone (femur) – the end where it meets the shin bone (tibia). It is held in position by a number of tendons and ligaments which let it move up and down the groove when the leg is bent or flexed at the knee joint. In some cases, the patella slips out of the patellofemoral groove partially...

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Orthopedic Treatment For Olecranon Fracture

Orthopedic Treatment For Olecranon Fracture

The elbow is a crucial joint which works like a hinge. It allows the forearm to be stretched forward or bent up towards the shoulder. The joint is also responsible for rotation (necessary for moving the hand palm up or palm down) of the forearm. It is stabilized and supported by a group of bones, muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Median, Radial and Ulnar nerves are the major nerves that cross the elbow. The elbow joint contains an extremity of three bones: humerus, radius and ulna. Distal humerus is the lower extremity of humerus; radial...

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Arthritis Of The Thumb: Orthopedic Treatment

Arthritis Of The Thumb: Orthopedic Treatment

Arthritis is an inflammatory disorder affecting the various joints in the body. Of the nearly hundred types of Arthritis, the most prevalent are Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis. The former is an autoimmune disorder and the joints usually affected are those of the hands and feet. Osteoarthritis, on the other hand, is an age-related degenerative disease leading to a destruction of the bones in the joints of hips, knees, and fingers. In Osteoarthritis, the cartilage covering the bones where they come together at the joint wears away with age; this causes friction between...

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Facet Joint Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Facet Joint Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Facet Joints’ or Z-joints (zygapophyseal joints) are pairs of joints that connect the bones of the spine. They are located in the posterior aspect of the spine. Facet Joints allow the spine to bend and twist while limiting the extent to which the spine does so. The roots of various spinal nerves pass from the spinal cord to arms, legs and other parts of the body through these joints. Like the knee-joint, they too contain cartilage, synovium, and synovial fluid which facilitate easy, frictionless movement of the spinal vertebrae against each other. Facet joint disorders are...

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