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Boutonniere Deformity

Boutonniere Deformity

Boutonniere Deformity (BD) is a condition characterized by a deformity in the finger with the middle joint bent downwards and the distal end pointed backwards. The finger joints are connected by tendons and ligaments which allow motion. Due to tearing of the ligaments in this condition, finger bends downwards (flexed) at the proximal interphalangeal joint (PIP) and hyperextended (bent backwards) at the distal interphalangeal joint (DIP). Causes Rheumatoid Arthritis - In this case, the inflammatory cells are released into the synovium (joint lining) which result in the...

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Functional Capacity Evaluations: Physical Therapy

Functional Capacity Evaluations: Physical Therapy

Functional Capacity Evaluations (FCE) refers to an assessment process which includes a combination of physical tests and observations. As the name suggests, these are conducted to evaluate the functional capability of an individual following an injury or surgery. In this process, a thorough evaluation is done to check for the employee’s physical condition and assess if he can return to his occupational routine. Also, it determines the the number of hours that the employee may be able to work besides any changes required at the workplace. What It Includes? FCE procedure...

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Pigeon Toes (Intoeing)

Pigeon Toes (Intoeing)

Pigeon Toes (Intoeing) is a physical ailment which involves turning of the feet inwards. It may affect either one or both the feet. The condition may develop in the early phase of childhood or may become apparent in later stages when the child starts walking. In most cases, Intoeing can heal itself naturally over time as the child grows. However, in severe cases, treatment from an orthopedic doctor is required. In most cases, the patient responds to conservative methods of treatment. For the others, surgery is required. Causes Gestational problems - The child may not get...

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Orthopedic Treatment For Kyphosis

Orthopedic Treatment For Kyphosis

Commonly known as Hunching Back or Dowager’s Hump, Kyphosis refers to the development of an abnormal outward curvature of the spine. A normal human spine has a slightly rounded structure but in some cases, the rounding may get exaggerated causing disfigurement and other spine-related problems. Kyphosis may occur at any age irrespective of gender. However, it mostly affects women in their post-menopausal stages as they lose bone mass rapidly. Break or compression of any part of the vertebrae alters the spinal curvature. This creates a visibly exaggerated curve or a hunch back....

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Osteoarthritis Of The Elbow

Osteoarthritis Of The Elbow

Osteoarthritis refers to the wear and tear of the protective cartilage layer in the elbow joint that covers the bones as well as prevents them from rubbing against each other. It is more commonly seen in men and the symptoms are mostly seen after 50 years of age. Being a degenerative disorder, Osteoarthritis progresses with time and may result in permanent disability. Causes Previous injuries such as fractures or dislocations of the joint Wear and tear of the joint parts due to aging Sports, such as baseball, which involve excessive use of the elbow may wear out the ligament...

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