A Jammed Finger is a medical condition that affects the PIP (proximal interphalangeal) joint. The PIP joint is a type of hinge joint that allows the finger to move. In this condition, the tendon that straightens the fingertip is either stressed or broken. It is a type of sprain that occurs in the finger joints or knuckles. In such injuries, there are chances of a piece of bone being broken or detached from the joint along with the tendon. The condition can be treated through non-surgical methods but it takes 6-8 weeks to heal. Wrong diagnosis or delay in treatment may result in permanent disability.


  • Athletes are at a greater risk of developing this condition as they indulge in games that involve handling the ball- volleyball, basketball etc. Hitting the ball may push the fingertip towards the hand which stretches the ligaments and results in sprain or tearing
  • Joint fracture
  • Dislocation of the bones
  • Damage to the ligaments and tendons caused by stress to the fingers of knuckles


  • Swelling around the injured finger
  • The fingertip may start dropping downwards
  • Difficulty in straightening or moving the finger
  • Redness
  • Pain which can be considerable
  • The finger may go numb
  • Discoloration (finger may turn blue or white)
  • Tingling sensation in the hand and finger
  • The hand or finger may turn cold
  • There may be blood deposits under the finger nail
  • Loss of finger grip
  • Inability to write or type


  • Physical observation of the injured finger
  • X-ray imaging
  • MRI or CT scan may be required in some cases


  • Use of ice packs regularly at short intervals may be recommended to reduce pain and inflammation
  • The doctor may recommend use of a splint or buddy taping to immobilize and support the injured finger. It is generally worn for 6-8 weeks. The finger is straightened in the process
  • Rest the injured hand by keeping it elevated on cushions and pillows
  • Manual adjustment of the jammed finger by the doctor may be done. This results in a popping sound that may be felt as the bone is reset into its normal position
  • Surgery may be required in case the ligament is badly torn or there is a fracture in the knuckles

Consult the hand specialists at OrthoTexas for treatment of Jammed Finger and other orthopedic conditions.