The heel bone (calcaneus) is the largest among all the bones in the foot and bears the maximum impact of body movement. It is protected by a thick covering of fatty tissues which not only protects but also gives it its shape. Heel pain is a common problem that affects people irrespective of age and gender.


  • Running, walking and jumping on uneven or hard surfaces
  • Wearing shoes that do not provide adequate support
  • Being overweight
  • Stepping on a hard or pointed object
  • Direct injury to the heel bone
  • Formation of bony outgrowths or heel spurs
  • Diabetes
  • Sprains or strains which affect the tendons and ligaments
  • Fracture of the heel bone
  • Medical conditions such as Neuroma, Bursitis, Arthritis, Flat Feet, Sever’s Disease, Plantar Fasciitis, Achilles Tendonitis etc.


  • Pain which can be mild to severe
  • Inability to bear body weight
  • Tenderness, redness, bruising may be observed
  • Pain may aggravate in the morning while getting up from the bed
  • Change in gait/ limp
  • A feeling of warmth in the foot and heel
  • Swelling
  • Inability to bend the foot or turn the toes
  • Numbness or tingling sensation


  • Evaluation of the injured foot and heel by the orthopedic doctor
  • Assessment of the patient’s medical history
  • X-rays may be conducted to check for bone damage MRI and CT scans help reveal soft tissue, blood vessel, tendon and ligament damage
  • Nerve conduction tests may be done to check for loss of sensation


  • Wearing a splint over the heel at night
  • Applying ice packs at regular intervals for 2-3 days
  • Giving rest to the injured foot
  • Wearing supportive shoes with proper cushioning
  • Pain killers and anti-inflammatory medicines may be prescribed
  • Avoiding any activity that may put stress on the heel or foot
  • Strapping or taping may be advised to support the ligaments and tendons
  • Shoe inserts, customized orthotics, heel wedges may be used for additional support
  • Surgical intervention may be required in case of a fracture, for removal of bone spurs or torn ligaments and tendons
  • Physical therapy and specific stretching exercises may be recommended to regain strength and motion

We, at OrthoTexas, provide effective treatment for heel pain and other foot conditions.