Spinal disc problems are one of the common causes of back pain. Discs are round rubbery pads that form the lining between the spinal vertebrae. They serve as a shock absorber, prevent the vertebrae from bending or twisting and maintain the suppleness of the spine. Due to the anatomical changes caused due to aging or prolonged stress on the spine, these discs become susceptible to injury and various other orthopedic conditions.
Some of the common spinal disc problems are:
When a disc herniates, the soft material inside it gets ruptured and displaced from the spinal column. At times it may come in contact with the nerve roots, resulting in pain and inflammation. Symptoms of Disc Herniation may include numbness, tingling sensation, weakness and pain radiating along the path of the affected nerve. Depending upon the severity of your condition, the orthopedic surgeon may recommend non-surgical options or surgery to ease the symptoms.
Treatment may include taking anti-inflammatory medications, steroid injections, physical therapy, activity modification, wearing back brace etc. Surgery may be required if the pain does not subside with non-surgical treatment approaches.
Degenerative Disc Disease
With increasing age,the spinal discs suffer from gradual wear and tear. There may be a loss of lubricating fluid inside them and the inner portion begins to shrink, providing less cushioning to the vertebrae that make up the spinal cord. This condition is known as Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD). Symptoms may include pain while standing, sitting or performing certain activity, chronic and intermittent back or neck pain, tingling and weakness in the legs.
Degenerative Disc Disease can be successfully treated with non-surgical approaches such as anti-inflammatory medications, injections and wearing back support during physical activity. However, surgery might be needed in severe cases or if the condition is causing disability in the patient. The goal of the procedure is to restrict the movement of the painful disc segment and release compression from the spinal nerves.
Spondylolisthesis is an orthopedic problem in which a spinal vertebra slides over the bone beneath it. The condition is usually caused when discs between these vertebrae undergo wear and tear or get displaced from their original position. People suffering from Spondylolisthesis may experience pain in the back, legs or hips that worsens with physical activity, weakness and numbness in the legs, difficulty in walking etc.
Treatment for Spondylolisthesis includes refraining from any activity that causes or aggravates pain. The orthopedic surgeon may also prescribe anti-inflammatory medications or physical therapy to treat the condition. Surgery might be required if Spondylolisthesis is caused due to a damage in the spine or nerve roots.
For diagnosis and treatment of spinal disc problems in Frisco, TX, contact OrthoTexas at (214) 618 – 5502.