26. May 2016 13:31
Hammer Toe is a deformity which causes one or more toes to bend downwards. The condition may occur in any toe but mostly affects the second or the third toe. A balance is maintained between the tendons, bones, muscles and ligaments which enable the toes to remain straight. Any factor that disrupts this balance may lead to Hammer Toe. Some people are born with this deformity while others may acquire it over a period of time due to various reasons. Hammer Toe is classified into two categories:
- Flexible Hammer Toe- It refers to the initial phase of the condition during which the toe can be straightened or moved with support
- Rigid Hammer Toe- This is the severe or final phase of deformity when the toe is permanently bent and cannot be moved
- Arthritis or age related degeneration of the bones
- Wearing tight, pointy, high heeled or uncomfortable shoes
- Damage to the spine or peripheral nerves
- Bunion growth on the big toe may force the second to bend downwards
- Tightening of the tendons and ligaments in the foot or toes
- Muscular imbalance
- Direct injury to any part of the toe
- Genetically inherited weak muscular structure
- Nerve damage in the foot
- Certain foot structures are predisposed to developing Hammer Toe. For example, if the second toe is bigger than the big toe, chances of its bending are higher
- Pain in the ball of the foot
- Visibly deformed shape of toe
- Growth of corns or calluses on the upper part of toe
- Pain and irritation while wearing shoes
- Difficulty in Moving the toe
- Redness on the upper part of the toe
- Physical examination of the affected toe
- X-ray imaging to assess the changes in bone structure or ligaments
- Evaluation of the patient’s medical and family history
- The neurovascular functioning may be checked by palpation of pulses
- Wear soft and comfortable that have a sufficiently wide toe box
- Doing exercises that make the toes more flexible and strengthen the muscles
- Wearing a brace to keep the toe in a straightened position
- Use of shoe inserts for even distribution of pressure
- Surgical removal of a bone to flatten the toe
- Surgical correction of tightened muscles, ligaments and tendons relieve pressure from the toe
- Using a tape or toe sling to reposition the affected toe
The foot doctors at OrthoTexas specialize in the treatment of Hammer Toe and other medical conditions. To schedule an appointment with our orthopedic doctors in Denton, TX, you can call at (940) 382 – 1577 or visit 2535 W. Oak Street, Denton, TX 76201.
25. June 2015 15:37
Physical therapy is performed to treat a wide range of orthopedic conditions. It aims at helping patients relieve pain and regain muscle strength so that they can resume their lifestyle. People of all age groups, whether physically active or not, can gain numerous benefits from regular physical therapy sessions. Apart from assisting in recovery from injuries and illnesses, it can also help to enhance overall well-being.
Here are some of the health benefits that you can expect from physical therapy:
- Reduce or eliminate pain: Physical therapy uses various techniques, such as electrical stimulation, cold laser and ultrasound, which help in eliminating acute or chronic pain. It can be beneficial for all types of musculoskeletal as well as neuropathic pain caused due to various reasons.
- Improve mobility: Physical therapists work in close association with their clients to help them restore, expand as well as maintain joint mobility. If you are facing trouble walking, standing or moving a joint, physical therapy can help regain movement within the limitations of your particular health condition.
- Improve balance: There are several factors such as muscle weakness and aging, which may lower body balance and make you susceptible to falls. The strengthening exercises involved in physical therapy can help to brace your knee and calf muscles to maintain proper posture. It also includes balance training that can help to improve gait and prevent falls.
- Prevent sports injuries: Being involved in sports or athletic activities increases your risk of sustaining various injuries. Physical therapists formulate specialized exercise programs to help clients meet their fitness goals, recover from or prevent a sports related injury.
- Shorten recovery period: An injury to a bone, ligament or muscle can cause the affected area to get stiff and lose mobility even after it has healed. Without proper exercise it might take much long to regain full mobility and strength. Physical therapy can lessen the time you would otherwise take to recover from an injury or surgery.
- Manage age-related issues: With increasing age, your joints may tend to undergo wear and tear and lose strength. This may lead to the development of various orthopedic conditions such as Arthritis or Osteoporosis. Attending regular physical therapy sessions can efficiently keep the elderly more mobile and active to reduce the possibility of such problems.
We, at OrthoTexas, provide comprehensive physical therapy programs for the patients in Denton, TX. To schedule an appointment with our physical therapist, call at (940) 382 – 1577 or visit 2535 W. Oak Street, Denton, Texas 76201.