Kneecap Bursitis: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Kneecap Bursitis or Prepatellar Bursitis is a condition where the bursa in the front of the kneecap gets inflamed. Bursae are little, jelly-filled sacs located throughout the body providing cushioning to the bones and soft tissues. However, sometimes the bursa may become irritated and produce too much fluid. This causes it to swell and puts pressure on the adjoining knee parts.

Causes

  • Pressure from constantly kneeling down
  • Activities such as plumbing, gardening and roofing
  • A direct blow to the front of the knee
  • Direct fall on the knee in sports such as football and wrestling.
  • Health conditions such as Rheumatoid Arthritis or Gout
  • Bacterial infection through insect bite or wound

Symptoms

  • Pain that increases after physical activity
  • Inflammation in the front of the kneecap
  • Difficulty in straightening or flexing the knee
  • Fluid and redness in the affected area
  • Fever
  • Tenderness and warmth to touch

Diagnosis

The doctor may question the patient regarding the symptoms and severity of pain. Since Kneecap Bursitis caused by an infection requires an alternative treatment plan, the doctor may also ask questions pertaining to symptoms of infection.
A thorough physical examination of the knee may be conducted to check for tenderness and range of motion. Imaging tests such as X-Rays, CT scans and MRI scans may also be recommended by the doctor assess the joint structure.

Treatment

Non-Surgical Treatment

  • Rest: It is imperative to immediately get off activities that may worsen the pain. Light exercises such as cycling are ideal until the pain subsides.
  • Ice packs: Application of ice packs several times a day may help in considerably reducing inflammation.
  • Elevation: Raising the affected leg while lying on the bed may also aid in providing relief from swelling.
  • Medication: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be prescribed by the doctor to reduce pain and discomfort.
  • Corticosteroid medication: Depending on the condition of the patient, the doctor may sap the bursa with the help of a needle and inject it with a corticosteroid medication. This brings down the swelling to a great extent.

Surgical Treatment

If the swelling persists, surgical removal of the bursa may be required to treat the condition. This helps in complete recovery of the patient from Kneecap Bursitis.

For treatment of Kneecap Bursitis, visit OrthoTexas. To schedule an appointment with the orthopedic surgeons in Plano, TX, you can call at (972) 985 – 1072.

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