Knock Knees, also known as Genu Valgum, is an orthopedic condition that
causes the knees to bend inwards and touch each other. The condition is
common during a child’s developmental stage, till the age of 2 or
3 years and gets self-corrected with age. However, in rare cases when
knees begin to knock after the age of 6 years, it can be an indicator
of an underlying bone disorder.
- Osteomyelitis, a bone infection
- Infection or injury to the shinbone
- Irregular bone growth
- Genetic skeletal abnormalities
- More than 10 cm of gap between both ankles
- Changes in gait patterns
- Excessive inward angle of knees
- Pain at the anterior part of the knee, in severe cases
Diagnosing Knock Knees involve a thorough physical examination and a review
of the patient’s medical history. The orthopedic doctor may observe
the positons of the patient’s lower legs, ankles and knees. He may
measure the distance between the inner parts of the ankle joints to assess
the severity of the condition. The doctor may also evaluate certain other
- Height, weight and body mass index (BMI)
- Walking pattern
- Skeletal alignment of the lower leg
- Range of motion of the lower leg
If the condition does not subside after the age of 7 or 8 years, the
orthopedic doctor may recommend the following treatment:
Wearing a brace during nighttime may help to straighten and restore the
normal alignment of the knees. Depending upon the severity of the condition,
the doctor may recommend a customized knee brace for effective results.
Performing certain exercises, as prescribed by the physical therapist,
may help to strengthen the knee muscles so that they are better able to
bear the weight of the body.
In severe cases, the patient may be recommended to undergo any of the following
Osteotomy: This involves manipulating the knee bones to bring the joint back to
their normal position. The procedure also helps in even distribution of
weight through the knee.
Guided Growth Surgery: This surgery slows down the growth of knee bone. Guided growth surgery
is usually recommended for children who are in their developmental stage.
The surgeons at
OrthoTexas specialize in the
treatment of Knock Knees and other medical conditions. To schedule an appointment, you can call at
(972) 492-1334 or visit 4780 North Josey Lane, Carrollton, TX 75010.