Spinal Stenosis is an orthopedic condition that causes constriction of
the space in the spinal canal. This puts pressure on the vertebrae and
nerve roots in the spine, leading to a pinching sensation in the lower
back, legs, neck, shoulders or arms. The condition most commonly affects
the lumbar spine and causes pain along the back of the leg. Spinal Stenosis
is usually a result of age related wear and tear of the spine.
Aging: As people age, the connective tissues between the spinal vertebrae begin
to stiffen, leading to the development of bone spurs. This, in turn, weakens
the vertebral discs and facet joints in the spinal canal. All these factors
cause narrowing of the spinal canal.
Genetic Factors: People who have a congenitally shorter spinal canal or anatomical deformities
in the vertebrae may develop Spinal Stenosis.
Instability Of The Spine: The spinal canal can also narrow when one vertebra slips on the other.
Arthritis: Osteoarthritis causes gradual degeneration of the discs that provide
cushioning to the spinal vertebrae. This may result in narrowing of the
space between the bones in the spine.
Trauma: Injuries to the spine may dislocate or fracture the bones that produce
fragments penetrating through the spinal canal.
- Severe pain
- Numbness and weakness in the legs, arms, shoulders or neck
- Tingling and pinching sensation in the legs
- Pins and needles feeling
- Pain reduces while bending forward
- Difficulty walking
- Clumsiness and frequent falling
- Abnormal bowel or bladder function
orthopedic doctor may prescribe certain anti-inflammatory medications to relieve pain and
Injections: In cases of severe pain, injections may be administered into the spine
to provide immediate relief.
Rest: Taking sufficient rest and refraining from activities that may strain
the back can help to ease the symptoms of Spinal Stenosis.
Activity Modification: The patient may also be recommended to make certain changes in his posture
while doing daily activities. These may include leaning forward while
walking, lying with the knees elevated, sitting on a recliner in place
of a chair with a straight back. This can help to increase the space in
the spinal canal and control the symptoms associated with the condition.
Exercise: Staying physically active is important to maintain muscle strength and
flexibility. Performing exercises, as instructed by the physical therapist,
may also help to improve balance and regain spinal stability.
Surgery: It may be recommended if the conservative treatment options fail to provide
relief. During the procedure, the spine surgeon may remove the bony growths
and bone fragments to free up the constricted space.
OrthoTexas, Frisco provides complete diagnosis and
treatment for Spinal Stenosis. To schedule an appointment with our orthopedic surgeon, you can call at(214) 618 – 5502.