The knee joint is made of Tibia, Fibula and Patella, and it has cartilages
between the thighbone and the shinbone. These cartilages, Menisci, cushion
the joints and protect them from injury. Menisci provide stability to
the joint and help in distribution of nutrients to the tissues which prevents
A Meniscal Tear is the tearing of Menisci that are located between Tibia
and Femur. This
knee injury is common among people who play contact sports, athletes and those who
overuse the knee.
- Squatting of knee during sports
- Twisting of knee
- Sudden blow to the knee
- Degenerative Meniscal Tear due to age
- The Menisci weakens with age and are more susceptible to tear
- A popping sound when the Meniscus is torn
- Stiffness in joint
- Tenderness around knee joint
- Locking of knee
- Difficulty in straightening the knee
- Inability to move the knee through its full range of motion
If you are feeling pain you should see an orthopedic doctor who will physically
examine the tear and your medical history. He will examine the tenderness
around the joint and can recommend certain tests such as McMurray test.
During the test, the doctor bends, straightens and rotates the knee to
confirm a Meniscal Tear. The physician may also recommend imaging tests
such as x-rays, MRI to confirm the injury.
The treatment of Meniscal Tear depends upon your age, activity level and
severity of the injury. The physicians may recommend either or both non-surgical
and surgical treatment, depending upon the condition.
A small tear on the outer edge of the Meniscus, may be treated non-surgically.
You may be advised to rest and avoid using your knee. The physician may
ask you to use support while walking so that you do not put weight on
your leg. You may be required to wear an elastic compression bandage for
a few days until the tear heals. The physicians also recommend ice packs,
anti inflammatory medications and elevation to reduce swelling.
In case the symptoms still persists after the treatment you will be recommended
to undergo Arthroscopic surgery. This is a common procedure involving
the trimming of damaged Meniscal tissue. Often the Meniscal tear is repaired
by stitching the torn pieces. Strengthening exercises are helpful and
usually recommended by the doctor after the procedure.
knee doctors at
OrthoTexas provide treatment for Meniscal Tears and a range of other knee conditions.
To schedule an appointment, call at