A Trigger Finger or Stenosing Tenosynovitis, is a common problem that affects
the fingers of the hand and restricts their movement. The patient experiences
snapping or locking of the finger and the affected finger does not even
straighten or move on its own. The other hand might be needed to straighten
the finger and you may even hear a clicking sound while trying to make
the movement. A Trigger Finger is often accompanied by swelling at the
base of the finger and is more prone to occurring to diabetic patients
and women in their 50s.
Though the exact cause of a Trigger Finger is not clear, it is found that
inflammation that causes swelling of the tendons, is responsible for the
problem. A tendon is a tissue that connects a bone with the muscle. The
pull in the muscle that connects the palm to the forearm bends the finger
towards the palm. Even swelling in tendon sheath, which is a tunnel that
covers the tendon may cause a Trigger Finger. The tendon slides out of
the sheath and due to swelling the tendon does not go back in the sheath
and requires you to straighten it with your other hand. Trigger Finger
also occurs due to Amyloidosis, Rheumatoid Arthritis and Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.
- Lump in the palm
- Popping in the finger
- Pain while straightening and bending of finger
- Stiffness which aggravates with inactivity
- Loosening of fingers
The patient may feel that the finger joint is dislocating and in severe
cases the finger will be difficult to straighten even with help.
A doctor can diagnose the problem by clinically examining the fingers or
by prescribing other tests like an x-ray. The patient may be advised to
take rest and recommended a splint to keep the fingers in a neutral position. The
hand and wrist pain doctor may also recommended non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines to relieve
the pain. If the problem is severe then the patient might have to undergo
surgery. Any surgery takes some time to recover. It is advisable to get
the Trigger Finger properly diagnosed in time to get the best possible
treatment at the earliest.
If you are suffering from a Trigger Finger you can consult orthopedic surgeons
at OrthoTexas and get a complete diagnosis of the condition. We can be
contacted at (214) 618-5502.