ACL is a part of a complex group of four ligaments present inside the knee.
It is the musculoskeletal part of the knee and is known as the Anterior
Cruciate Ligament. The ACL is one of the most sensitive parts of the body
and is prone to injury. It is most commonly observed in athletes who play
heavy impact sports such as American football, Pro wrestling, Gymnastics
and combat sports. Women and younger athletes are more prone to a torn
ACL. Older people are also seen to be effected by a
torn ACL due to wear and tear of ligaments. Any heavy impact or a slip can cause
the ACL to tear.
Some of the most common causes of a torn ACL are as follows.
- Tears and ruptures that happen without contact
- Overstretching of the ligament
- Extending the knee beyond its maximal position
- Forcing the lower leg forward in context with the position of the upper leg
- Twisting of the knee in disharmony with the alignment of the rest of the body
The following symptoms might indicate a torn ACL.
- If the impact is followed by a popping sound
- If the knee tends to buckle during movement
- If he knee locks completely during movement
- If the injured area swells up after an hour or two of the impact
- If the subject feels severe pain while bending the knee
Professional orthopedic treatment is the best bet for a torn ACL.
Orthopedic surgeons deal with injuries related to the knee and can give professional medical
treatment to the patient. They have a series of tests to confirm whether
you are suffering from a torn ACL or not. There are movement tests which
help the doctor analyze and arrive upon a conclusion. He might also suggest
some other tests like an X-ray or an MRI before deciding on any treatment
method. If the injury is severe you might have to undergo a surgery to
fully treat it.