The spinal cord is an important part of the central nervous system and
consists of a number of vertebrae that have delicate nerves and tissues,
which extend from brain to the back. The cord links the brain to the other
parts of the body and any injury or trauma to the spinal cord can have
serious consequences. A spinal cord injury often results from a severe
blow to the spinal column. Often athletes, divers, players, surfers, etc.,
are at high risk of spinal injury.
Causes: People suffer from spinal injury due to various reasons including:
- Road accidents
- Industrial accidents
- Sports injuries
- Violent attack
- Certain diseases such as arthritis, polio, cancer, infections, inflammation
of spinal disks
- Osteoporosis or certain other conditions make the spinal cord weak and
susceptible to injuries.
Symptoms: Some of the symptoms of spinal cord injuries include
- Loss of any sensation
- Inability to move
- Reflexes and spasms
- Loss of bladder control or bowel
- Pain in neck, head, and back
- Coughing, difficulty in breathing
- Numbness and weakness
- Problems in maintaining balance
Diagnosis: The physicians can conduct various physical examinations to find out
the extent of damage and some of the tests include X-rays, CT scans, MRI
and Myelogram. These tests determine which parts of the chord are affected
and the extent of damage. These tests also let the surgeon determine the
recovery time and how treatment should proceed.
Treatment: Spinal cord injury is an condition that needs to be treated immediately. The
spine doctors, after a correct diagnosis, can also prescribe medicine to reduce swelling
and inflammation. In certain cases, surgery is required when a bone or
tissue presses on spinal cord, in order to stabilize it. After stabilization
of the cord, the surgeons will suggest treatment, which may include medicines
to control the symptoms, physical therapy and surgical treatments. To
relieve back pain and regain function, orthopedic surgeons may treat the
injury both surgically and non-surgically.
If you have suffered a spinal cord injury, visit the spine specialists
at OrthoTexas, Allen TX. They are located at 1125 Raintree Circle, Suites
100/100A, Allen, TX 75013.