Joint problems can be found among young children, women, active people
and the elderly. These problems are one of the most common orthopedic
issues that people face and can result from a number of different factors.
Joint is the location where different bones in our body connect, which
is helped by ligaments and tendons. The principle job of a joint is to
lend stability, strength and range of motion to our body. Joint problems
can sometimes be difficult to deal with, depending on the severity of
the symptoms and the amount of damage caused. Here are some common kinds
of joint problems that people usually suffer from.
Classified into different types, Arthritis is a condition that causes inflammation
of the joints. This can happen due to many reasons including age related
deterioration, wear and tear, damage from overuse or impact, a decrease
in the right amount of cartilage and auto immune disorders. Arthritis
is seen in people from all ages and this condition can affect a variety
of different joints in the body. The common symptom of arthritis is a
feeling of stiffness in the joints which slowly gives rise to joint pain.
Treatment of Arthritis is usually symptomatic with the focus being on speeding up natural healing
and preventing further damage.
Osteoarthritis is the specific kind of arthritis which results from the
gradual wearing out of cartilage tissue from the joints. Primarily seen
as an age related condition, osteoarthritis can be seriously debilitating
causing pain, stiffness and loss of range of motion. The treatment consists
mostly of physical therapy, exercise and following better habits.
Rheumatoid Arthritis is a condition which involves the immune system and
damage is caused to the joints by body’s own immune system. This
auto-immune condition usually affects the hands and feet but can happen
with other important joints as well. With no sure cure for this condition,
the treatment is limited to measures meant to reduce pain and swelling.
Strains and Sprains
Among the most common joint problems, strains and sprains can be caused
as a result of different physical activities and are usually easy to treat.
While sprains involve damage to a ligament, strains have to do with damage
to tendons and muscle tissue. These conditions are more frequently found
in the legs, especially in the calf and thigh muscles. Common symptoms
are bruising, inflammation, pain and cramps. The usual line of treatment
of a sprain or strain includes rest, immobilization, ice packs and prescription