The lower back region of the human body is a complex network of muscles,
tendons, ligaments, bones, nerves, spinal discs and joints that can often
be vulnerable to a number of different conditions which can result in
low back pain. Typically, low back pain is a sign or symptom of a wide
range of possible conditions that can be as simple as a strain or sprain
or as serious and complicated as degenerative disc disease or spondylolisthesis.
Due to the large number of possibilities, low back pain is usually treated
according to the symptoms manifested and can be open to a number of different
lines of treatment.
Some of the most frequently seen causes of low back pain include –
- Strains or sprains resulting from impact damage, over activity and problems
- Conditions that affect the spinal column, including degenerative disc disease,
herniated discs, sciatica and spondylolisthesis.
- Age-related problems arising from conditions like arthritis.
- Problems arising from injury to the lower back and spine.
- These causes represent a wide variety in terms of seriousness and the range
of symptoms displayed need to be treated according to the specific requirements
of each particular cause.
In most cases, low back pain caused by minor factors usually manifests
for a few days and goes away naturally. In more serious cases, symptoms
can become more severe and can last for longer durations of time. Here
is a list of symptoms that are usually experienced by people affected
with low back pain –
- In case of strains and sprains, the pain experienced is severe and gets
worse during attempts at activity like walking or moving. The affected
area can also be sore to touch and there can be instances of muscle spasms.
Any sudden movement or an attempt to lift heavy objects might make the
pain even worse.
- In case of conditions which involve the nerves like sciatica, there can
be intense pain which radiates towards the legs and gets worse with long
periods of complete inactivity.
- In case of conditions which involve the spine, the pain can be extremely
debilitating and can get worse after indulging activities.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Cases of lower back pain are usually treated in accordance with the condition
that is the cause behind the symptoms.
Spine doctors might prescribe periods of rest, the application of heat or ice packs
and the use of painkillers to alleviate the pain. For more serious cases,
doctors might prescribe the use of stints or crutches. For severe conditions
which involve nerve roots or the spinal column, there might be need for
surgical measures to achieve relief.
Visit OrthoTexas, Frisco TX for comprehensive
diagnosis and treatment for low back pain. To schedule an appointment with the spine specialists, call at (214) 618-5502