Discitis: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Discitis is a common medical condition affecting the intervertebral disc. This painful condition can cause swelling and irritation in the disc space which may further lead to infections like vertebral osteomyelitis. Although discitis is mainly found in the children but according to back pain doctors in Plano, Texas, everyone from adolescents to older adults is susceptible to this condition.

Discitis is classified into following types:

  • Septic discitis
  • Infectious discitis
  • Lumbar discitis
  • Osteomyelitis discitis

Causes:
Listed below are a few common causes and risk factors of discitis:

  • Inflammation due to back pain can also trigger the prevalence of discitis.
  • According to orthopedic doctors, people with autoimmune disorders are at a greater risk of developing this condition.
  • It has been medically proven that people with abnormal curvature or vertebral column deformities are more prone to discitis.
  • Adults with weak immune system or a history of surgeries and intravenous drugs may also develop this condition.

Symptoms:
It is suggested to consult an orthopedic doctor if the following symptoms are observed:

  • Intense abdominal pain
  • Growing pain in back
  • Inability to bear weight
  • Limited range of motion
  • Increased curvature of the back
  • Irritation in the back
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sudden sweating
  • Pain in hip, leg or groin
  • Constant fatigue
  • Sometimes, people may also experience low-grade fever, stiffness in the back and flu-like symptoms.

Diagnosis:
First of all, the doctor will conduct physical examination to study the symptoms and determine the cause of symptoms. He may also perform a range of other diagnostic tests including:

  • X-ray
  • MRI
  • Bone scan
  • CBC
  • ESR

Treatment:
The treatment for discitis strictly depends on the diagnostic report. The most recommended treatments, however, include:

  • Rest: The doctors may advice you to stop the physical activities for a few weeks and give your back a complete rest.
  • Medications: The doctors may prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs to control the pain and swelling. They may also suggest antibiotics if the condition is caused due to infections.
  • Back braces: They may also suggest the use of back braces or support equipment to maintain the muscular stability of the spine.
  • Physical therapy: A range of motion, strengthening and stretching exercises may also be recommended to regain the lost strength and flexibility of the muscles.
  • Surgical procedure: Surgery may be recommended in severe cases of discitis.

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