Shin Splint is a painful condition that is often faced by athletes while
jumping or running. In this condition, the inside or the front of the
shin bone (tibia) starts paining due to a quick or sudden motion. The
shin splint that involves the front muscles, tissues of shin is called
anterolateral shin splint, while, the pain in the back and inner part
of the muscles of shin is called a posteromedial shin splint.
- Shin Splints occur due to vigorous exercise, repetitive activities such
as dance, running, or sports, etc.
- Overuse or stretching of muscles
- Running on hard surfaces
- Changing the intensity and duration of workouts
- Having rigid arches or flat feet
- Exercising without warming up
- Muscle imbalance
- Running on slanted surface
- Wearing inappropriate footwear
The most common symptom of shin splints is excessive pain on the inner
or outer part of the lower leg that worsens with exercise or running.
The muscles tighten and become stiff. Often the pain worsens and causes
inflammation and swelling. Different people may have different symptoms,
so it is crucial to consult a physician for proper diagnosis. The physician
will confirm the condition after reviewing complete medical history of
the patient and physical examination.
Depending upon the age, medical history, and extent of pain, and type of
shin splint, an
orthopedic doctordetermines the course of treatment. The patient is recommended to discontinue
any physical activity that is responsible for the condition. They are
advised to wear running shoes with rigid heels and arch supports that
are specially designed to offer relief to the patient. Wearing an elastic
compression bandage can also help. The orthopedic surgeon may suggest
rest, strengthening and stretching exercises, cold packs and some anti-inflammatory
medicines. Physicians may recommend MRI or X-rays to determine the extent
of damage and in case of a rare severe shin splint and stress fracture,
the surgeon may recommend surgery. The patients may be required to change
their daily routine and decrease their exercise time.
A patient may take up to 3-4 months to recover from shin splint. To ensure
that the patient has fully recovered, it is important that the patient
should be able to use leg, exercise, jump, and run without any pain. The
affected leg should be as flexible as the other leg, and there should
not be any weakness and follow ups can make sure of that.