Aging has a direct impact on the bones, muscles, and joints, leading to
changes in gait and posture, along with other degenerative problems. Aging
results in a decrease in bone density, especially in post-menopausal women.
This is caused by a decrease in the level of calcium and other minerals
in the body. Another major degenerative change in the musculoskeletal
system is a decrease in the fluid in joints, which causes the cartilage
to rub together and erode, causing complications like osteoarthritis.
A problem commonly experienced in the shoulder is the deposition of minerals
around the joint, leading to restricted movement.
Bones are more prone to breaks and fractures in the elderly, which can
lead to a loss of mobility. The fragility of the bones, combined with
gait changes, loss of balance, reduced reflexes, and instability lead
to an increased risk of injury in the elderly. It is also common for people
to experience activity intolerance with age, owing to the increase in
muscle weakness and fatigue. The elderly also commonly experience complications
like fasciculations (involuntary movements) and paresthesias (abnormal
sensations). The doctors at OrthoTexas, Denton TX provide state-of-art
treatment options for degenerative joint and bone disorders.
The diagnosis of these disorders is carried out by various techniques depending
on the symptoms being experienced. The first step in the diagnosis is
assessing the clinical history of the patient, including the family history
and any other medical problems the patient might have. The doctor then
assesses the patient’s reflexes and general health through a physical
examination. Diagnostic techniques like X-rays, Magnetic Resonance Imaging,
and a possible joint aspiration are then carried out to determine the
disorder, the extent of damage caused, and the possible treatment options.
Most successful treatment programs for degenerative joint and bone disorders
include a combination of medication, physical therapy, lifestyle modifications,
pain relief techniques, and rest. In some cases, it might be necessary
to perform surgery.
Degenerative disorders of the bones and joints can be prevented by adopting
a moderate exercise program to maintain strength, flexibility, and balance.
Women should be especially careful to include sufficient amounts of Calcium
and Vitamin D in their diets as they age.