A ring made of solid tissue known as the “labrum” helps to
stabilize the shoulder and make it function properly. It helps in keeping
the arm bone fit in perfectly into the socket of the shoulder. When the
top portion of labrum gets injured or tears apart, it is referred to as
a SLAP injury. The full form of SLAP is ‘superior labrum, anterior
You must immediately visit an expert
Joint Doctor or orthopedician in case of a SLAP injury. Read on to know more about
the symptoms, causes and treatments for the same.
- A SLAP injury shows the below mentioned symptoms:
- Pain in the arm during overhead movements is one of the prominent symptoms
of a SLAP tear.
- Secondly, the affected person can also experience a crackling sound in
- The injured person feels weakness in his shoulder along with continuous pain.
People suffering from SLAP injuries mostly tend to bear the stress of other
shoulder injuries as well. An experienced orthopedic doctor can determine
the exact condition of your shoulder and give you the requisite treatment.
A SLAP injury can be caused due to any of the following reasons:
- If you fall with the whole pressure on your shoulder.
- The injury can also result from a fall where your arm is stretched out
- Lifting heavy objects on a regular basis or with a sudden movement can
also lead to a SLAP injury.
- The labrum can also tear apart in a car accident wherein your arm is stretched out.
- Playing sports such as baseball, wherein the overhead movement is too much
can also cause the labrum to get injured.
Since pain in the shoulder can be a result of many factors, it becomes
all the more hard to diagnose a SLAP injury. However, anorthopedic doctor can determine whether you have a SLAP tear or not by conducting a number
of tests that check the movement of the shoulder joint. An MRI scan can
also be conducted to diagnose a SLAP injury.
But the most reliable way to confirm a SLAP tear is by conducting an arthroscopic
surgery. In this case, incisions in the shoulder are made by the doctor
so as to clearly see inside the joint. This is done by inserting a small
camera that is attached to a very slim tube. In this process, the tear
can also be repaired simultaneously.
The doctor can also prescribe shoulder exercises to make the rotator cuff
muscles stronger. However, if nothing works then the doctor goes in for
arthroscopic surgery as mentioned above.