26. October 2015 06:49
The hip joint comprises of the femur (thigh bone) and the pelvic bone. Hip fracture occurs when there is a crack or break in the upper part of the femur. Also known as a proximal femoral fracture, the injury is more common among people above the age of 65 years. With increasing age, the bones start losing calcium and tend to become fragile, thereby, making the individual susceptible to a fracture.
- Sudden fall on a hard surface
- Motorcycle or car accident
- Injury caused by a sports activity
- Deficiency of calcium and vitamin D
- Genetic factors
- Severe pain in the hip and groin
- Difficulty while moving and walking
- Inability to put weight on the affected leg
- Stiffness and inflammation around the hip
- Bruising and discoloration
- Leg tend to turn outwards to the injured side
The orthopedic doctor may conduct a physical examination to check for swelling, pain, tenderness in the injured hip. He may also conduct an X-ray to determine the exact location and severity of the fracture. A bone scan may be recommended in case of a hair line hip fracture.
Depending upon the age of the patient, medical history and the degree of displacement of hip joint, the orthopedic doctor may suggest the following treatment options:
- Medication: Taking a course of anti-inflammatory medications, as prescribed by the orthopedic doctor, can help to reduce pain and inflammation.
- Surgery: The following surgical procedures may be performed to treat a hip fracture:
- Hip repair surgery: Also known as ‘hip pinning’, this procedure involves usage of metal screws, plates and rods to hold the bones together. The hip repair surgery is recommended when the bones can be aligned correctly.
- Hip replacement surgery: In case of a major fracture, a hip replacement surgery may be required. In this procedure, the joint is partially or completely replaced by the doctor.
- Physical therapy: Post-surgery, the patient may be advised to undergo physical therapy to restore movement in the hip joint. Performing light exercises, under the guidance of a physiotherapist can help to regain lost joint strength and flexibility.
For complete diagnosis and treatment of hip fracture, visit OrthoTexas. To schedule an appointment with the orthopedic doctors in Carrollton, TX, you can call at (972) 492 – 1334 or visit 4780 North Josey Lane, Carrollton, TX 75010.
20. October 2015 18:07
The shoulder is a ball and socket joint that allows for upward, downward and rotational movement of the arm. The head of the humerus (arm bone) is the ball that fits into the socket (exterior part of the shoulder blade). Shoulder Dislocation occurs when the head of the humerus pops out of the socket. The condition is quite common due to the extensive range of motion of the shoulder joint.
- Fall on a hard surface
- Hard blow to the shoulder
- Motor vehicle accident
- Contact sports such as football and hockey
- Sports that involve falling from a height such as gymnastics and skiing
- Sharp or unexpected twisting of the arm
- Extreme pain in the shoulder and upper arm
- Pain increases while trying to move the joint
- Deformed shoulder that seems visibly out of place
- Inflammation and bruising
- Inability to move the joint
The orthopedic doctor may conduct a physical examination to check for deformities in the shoulder joint. He may also ask the patient about history of any similar injury. X-ray and other imaging tests may be conducted to confirm a Shoulder Dislocation.
- Medication: Anti-inflammatory medications or muscle relaxants can be prescribed by the orthopedic doctor to reduce discomfort.
- Immobilization: The doctor may recommend using a splint or a sling to provide support to the shoulder and restrict its movement. The duration of wearing the sling may depend on the severity of the condition.
- Closed reduction: This procedure involves manually putting the dislocated shoulder back into the socket. An anesthetic or a muscle relaxant may be administered before the procedure. Thereafter, the orthopedic doctor may apply gentle maneuvers to put the bone back into their original position.
- Surgery: In case of damaged nerves and blood vessels or a fragile shoulder joint, surgical intervention may be required. Surgery is also sometimes recommended for patients who have suffered repeated episodes of shoulder dislocations.
- Physical therapy: After the removal of the splint, physical therapy may be required for restoration of normal motion and strength of the shoulder joint.
We, at OrthoTexas, provide comprehensive diagnosis and treatment for Shoulder Dislocation. To schedule an appointment with our orthopedic surgeons in Plano, TX, you can call at (972) 985 – 1072.
12. October 2015 10:48
The spinal cord comprises of a group of nerves that travel from the base of the skull down to the back. A spinal injury occurs when any of the parts of these nerves are damaged, leading to a loss of strength, sensation and decreased functioning of body parts below the site of wound. Unlike other injuries, a spinal injury does not heal on its own and requires comprehensive treatment. Depending upon severity, a spinal cord injury may be classified as:
- Complete Injury: It is characterized by a complete loss of sensory and motor functioning below the affected region.
- Incomplete Injury: This involves a partial damage to sensory and motor functioning in body parts that are below the injured area of the spinal cord.
- Motor vehicle accidents
- Fall from a height
- Direct blow or impact to the spine
- Gunshot or stabbing wounds
- Sports related injuries
- Spinal cord compression due to a tumor, infection or inflammation
- Electric shock
- Low bone density
- Landing on the head during sports
- Excessive twisting of the lumbar spine
- Diving injuries
- Pain and stiffness in the head, neck or back
- Reduced sensation
- Loss of movement
- Numbness or tingling sensation in the arms and legs
- Loss of bowel or bladder control
- Difficulty walking
- Weakness and muscle spasms
- Unusually positioned head
- Exaggerated reflex actions
- Pain while breathing, coughing or sneezing
During the initial phase of treatment, the orthopedic surgeon may focus on maintaining the patient’s ability to breathe, immobilizing the body to prevent further damage, preventing trauma and avoiding other serious complications. Following this, he may recommend any of the following treatment options:
- Medications: Anti-inflammatory medicines may be prescribed to the patient to reduce damage to the nerve cells and ease the symptoms of the spinal injury.
- Immobilization: The patient may be advised to stabilize the spine and restore its normal alignment with the help of traction. Wearing a tight neck collar may also help if the cervical spine is injured.
- Surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be required to remove herniated discs, foreign bodies, bone fragments or fractured vertebrae that may put pressure on the spine. It can also help to prevent any spinal deformity.
The surgeons at OrthoTexas provide comprehensive diagnosis and treatment for spinal injury. To schedule an appointment with the spine surgeons in Frisco, you can call at (214) 618 – 5502 or visit 5757 Warren Pkwy, Suite 180, Frisco, TX 75034.
6. October 2015 10:27
An orthopedic injury can be quite distressful and obstruct the normal functioning of the affected joint. Patients who have suffered an injury to the shoulder, neck, spine, knee, ankle or any other part of the musculoskeletal system need to undergo a comprehensive rehabilitation program to restore the range of motion of the injured joint. It also ensures a healthy and speedier recovery from the injury.
Here are some of the techniques that might be included in rehabilitation for an orthopedic injury:
- Joint Mobilization: This procedure helps to reinstate the normal position of dislocated or misaligned bones. Joint mobilization also helps to correct spinal disc herniation, reduce pain and swelling.
- Stretching: Performing stretching exercises is important to regain the lost functionality of the injured joint. Wearing braces or casts following a fracture, bone dislocation or other injuries may cause stiffness in the joint. The contraction of soft tissues and formation of scar tissues may further decrease the movement. Through proper stretching, joint flexibility can be restored.
- Strengthening: It helps to improve the functioning of the muscles and ligaments in the injured joint. These exercises help to increase muscle endurance, develop better body mechanics and prevent future injuries.
- Ice And Heat Pack Application: These procedures are often prescribed in cases of acute orthopedic injuries. If the condition has not caused swelling, applying heat pack may help to ease muscle stiffness and relieve pain. Ice pack may be recommended to compress swelling and eliminate other symptoms of the injury.
- Soft Tissue Mobilization: In this, the rehabilitation specialist may apply deep pressure and use rhythmic stretching near the site of the injury. It helps to relax stiff muscles, compress swelling and reduce tissue adhesions.
- Gait Training: This is recommended to improve the patient’s body balance as well as the ability to stand and walk following an injury to the lower extremity. Gait training helps to maintain proper posture, strengthen muscles and rehabilitate the joints for repetitive movements.
We, at OrthoTexas, provide comprehensive rehabilitation services for minor and serious orthopedic injuries. To schedule an appointment with our physical therapists in Carrollton, you can call at (972) 492 – 1334 or visit the clinic at 4780 North Josey Lane, Carrollton, Texas 75010.