27. July 2015 16:52
The spinal cord is a collection ofnerves that are responsible for carrying signals between the brain and different parts of the body. A spinal cord injury is damage to any part of the spine that results in change in the ability of the spineto send and receive sensory or motor signals.
A spinal cord injury is classified as:
- Complete Injury: This involves a complete loss of function and sensation in the body parts.
- Incomplete Injury: In this, partial body movement and sensation remains unaffected.
- Fall from a height
- Sports related injuries
- Motor vehicle accidents
- Diving into shallow water
- Spinal Arthritis
- Decreased bone strength due to Osteoporosis
- Inflammation of the spine
- Pain and stiffness in the affected area
- Inflammation around the site of injury
- Difficulty walking and moving
- Muscle weakness
- Problems in maintaining body balance
- Complete or partial loss of movement
- Numbness or tingling sensation in the extremities
- Loss of bladder or bowel control
- Difficulty breathing and coughing
- Sensory and motor deficits
The orthopedic doctor may diagnose a spinal cord injury through physical examination and evaluating the sensory and motor functioning of the patient. The spine specialist may also suggest imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scan or MRI, to determine the exact location and severity of injury.
- Immobilization: The orthopedic surgeon may recommend traction to keep the spinal cord stable and properly aligned. The procedure involves using a metal plate or body harness to immobilize the head.
- Medications: The patient may be prescribed certain anti-inflammatory medications to reduce pain and inflammation around the site of injury.
- Surgery: Surgical treatment may be neededto remove elements compressing the spine such as fragments of bones, herniated discs or fractures vertebrae. The orthopedic doctor may also perform surgery to stabilize the spine and prevent any anatomical deformity.
Post surgery, the orthopedicsurgeon focuses on helping patients restore normal functionality of the spinal cord. This may include use of orthotic devices and muscle strengthening exercises to reinstate the fine motor skillsessential in carrying out daily activities. The orthopedic doctor may also prescribe physiotherapy to assist in the healing process.
We, at OrthoTexas, provide complete diagnosis and treatment for spinal cord injury in Frisco, TX. To schedule an appointment with our orthopedic surgeons, you can call at (214) 618 – 5502 or visit 5757 Warren Pkwy, Suite 180, Frisco, Texas 75034.
21. July 2015 08:58
Physical therapy is a rehabilitative program incorporating a combination of targeted exercises and specialized equipment to help patients regain flexibility and motion following a surgery or injury. Physical therapy can significantly improve the patients overall well-being and assist in healing, even if you suffered from a minor joint injury or a complex spinal orthopedic condition. It helps patients improve the joint’s range of motion and recover from various medical conditions.
The physiotherapist will assess your joints’ ability to function while monitoring its strength, range of motion and flexibility. Based upon these, he will devise a specialized program keeping your health condition, activity levels and fitness goals in mind. He may also suggest using certain orthotic devices such as braces, canes, crutches or casts to promote faster healing.
Read on to know some of the common orthopedic problems that may require physical therapy to heal:
- Sports Injuries: These injuries may be a result of training accidents, incorrect warm up techniques, falls, on-field clashes and trauma. Such conditions need immediate medical care in order to prevent further damage to any other structures of the body. Physical therapy can ease the symptoms of the injury and help players safely return to the game. Stretching and strengthening exercises prescribed by a physical therapist may also reduce the occurrence of such sport injuries.
- Post-Surgery Rehabilitation: People who have undergone a surgical procedure, specifically for the lower extremities, may also need to attend physical therapy sessions for a faster recovery. The muscle conditioning and strengthening exercises may be beneficial for a healthier recovery and attaining the original functionality of the joint that has been operated upon.
- Chronic Pain: Most pains and aches may subside with rest and anti-inflammatory medications. However, chronic and persistent pain may be a sign of muscle stiffness or weakness that needs to be addressed by a physical therapist. They use special instruments and techniques to target the muscles that need to be restored.
- Balance Or Mobility Issues: This is a common problem seen in people of all ages, mainly arising due to unstable joints or weak muscles. The physical therapists provide specialized gait training to help individuals improve their ability to stand as well as walk thus, preventing trips or falls.
OrthoTexas, McKinney provides comprehensive physical therapy programs for the patients in McKinney, TX. To schedule an appointment with our physical therapists, you can call at (972) 727 – 9995.
14. July 2015 09:32
Sports are a great way to maintain an active lifestyle and stay healthy. However if proper precautions and safety equipment is not used, sports can lead to various injuries. They are usually a result of overuse, not warming up or stretching before playing, improper training, flawed equipment or on-the-field accidents.
Given here are some of the most common sports injuries that must be treated by an orthopedic doctor to prevent the condition from worsening:
- Sprains And Strains: These are one of the most common injuries suffered by athletes. A tear or excessive stretching of the ligaments, that connect the bones in a joint, characterizes a sprain. It commonly occurs in the ankle or wrist and can range from minor to severe. On the other hand, a strain or a pulled muscle is a condition that causes the muscle or tendon fibers to overstretch.
- Shin Splints: This condition causes pain along the shinbone and is usually seen in athletes who abruptly intensify or alter their workout regime. Runners, who follow improper techniques, do not stretch muscles or warm up, run on hard surfaces or wear shoes lacking proper support, are more likely to have Shin Splints.
- Pulled Hamstring: Hamstring injuries can occur if the thigh muscles are stretched beyond their normal range of motion. This injury is usually caused while playing sports that demand a high degree of speed and agility such as basketball, soccer, skating, football etc. A pulled hamstring may vary greatly in severity, from a minor strain to a complete tear in the hamstring muscles.
- Ligament Tears: These are also quite common while playing sports or during training sessions. Ligament tears are caused when a joint is bound to overstretch as a result of sudden twisting, bending or landing awkwardly from a jump. As a result of bearing a large part of body weight and stressful impacts during sports, ligaments in the ankle and knee joint are most prone to tears.
- Dislocations: Joint dislocation occurs when a sudden force causes the bone to move out of its normal alignment. The common causes of this injury include falling, excessive stretching, a direct blow to the joint or accidents during contact sports like football or basketball. Dislocations are mostly seen in the hand and shoulder joint.
We, at OrthoTexas, provide comprehensive diagnosis and treatment for sports injuries. To schedule an appointment with our sports doctor in Plano, TX, you can call at (972) 985 – 1072.
6. July 2015 16:38
Wrist pain can be caused due to an injury or damage to the tendons, ligaments and tissues connecting the different joint structures of the wrist. The condition can be due to a minor injury such as sprain, strain etc. or a chronic degenerative condition such as Wrist Arthritis. However, it is important to diagnose and treat the cause of wrist pain to avoid the condition from worsening.
- Muscle overuse
- Wrist fracture
- Direct blow to the joint
- Sports injuries
- Overextending the hand
- Falling on an outstretched hand
- Repetitive wrist movements such as constant typing work
- Degenerative conditions such as Arthritis
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
- Ganglion Cysts
- Kienbock's Disease
- Wrist Tendonitis
- Sudden or sharp pain in the wrist
- Numbness or tingling sensation in the hand or fingers
- Swelling and tenderness
- Redness and warm sensation at or near the site of pain
- Difficulty making a fist or grasping objects
- Bruising or discoloration
- Visible deformity in the joint
- Inability to move or rotate the joint
- Difficulty lifting objects
The wrist specialist may physically examine the joint to look for swelling, pain and signs of any injury. The patient may be asked to move the wrist in certain positions to evaluate range of motion. The orthopedic doctor may also suggest certain imaging tests to identify if any specific medical condition is causing wrist pain.
- Rest And Immobilization: Taking proper rest and refraining from activities that may put strain on the joint can allow the sore muscles to heal.
- Ice And Heat Packs: Applying ice or heat packs, as recommended by the orthopedic doctor, may help to compress swelling and ease pain.
- Medications: The orthopedic surgeon may also prescribe anti-inflammatory medications to eliminate pain and discomfort in the wrist.
- Injections: These are usually recommended for severe cases of wrist painthat obstructs the daily activities of the patient.
- Wrist Support: The patient may also be suggested to wear a wrist brace to provide support during physical activities and avoiding any further injury to the joint.
- Surgery: This is usually required if wrist pain is caused due to some underlying medical condition such as a fracture or Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.
The orthopedic surgeons at OrthoTexas, Frisco providecomprehensive diagnosis and treatment forwrist pain. To schedule an appointment with the wrist doctors, you can call at, (214) 618 – 5502 or visit 5757 Warren Pkwy, Suite 180, Frisco, Texas 75034.