Neck Sprain: Causes, Smptoms & Treatment

by Administrator 24. December 2014 18:32

Neck sprain or neck strain is usually referred to as Whiplash injury, appears when the ligaments of the neck stretch and tear. It is often caused by a sudden blow in the head or an improper posture while sleeping.

Causes:

  •     Accident
  •     Fall from a height
  •     Pain in the back if the head
  •     Overexertion
  •     Sports such as golf
  •     Poor sitting posture
  •     Improper sleeping posture
  •     Working for long hours without changing your body position
  •     Sitting for a long time in the same position
  •     Osteoporosis, as it is responsible for weakening of bones
  •     Bending your head to play games on mobile phones or tablets
  •     Spraining the neck during exercise
  •     Arthritis, as it causes pain and swelling in the joints

Symptoms:

  • Fatigue
  • Inability to rotate your neck or move it from left to right and vice-versa
  • Dizziness
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Numbness in the arms
  • Difficulty in bending the neck forward or backward
  • Pain or swelling in the jaw
  • Headache
  • Backache
  • Pain in the spine
  • Inability to sit straight or stand with your body erect
  • Feeling tired and overexerted
  • Problem in concentration

Diagnosis:

The doctor or the physician may diagnose the severity of the neck sprain with the help of –

  • X-ray
  • Measuring the range of motion of the neck
  • Examination of your neck and arms to see if there are any signs of damage in the spine
  • Checking point tenderness
  • An arthritis check
  • Ultrasound
  • Electromyography (EMG)
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Computed Tomography (CT) scan

Prevention:

  • Doing mild neck exercises
  • Slowly rotating your neck
  • Moving your neck after a couple of minutes
  • Sitting and standing straight, in a good posture

Treatment:

  • A massage around the affected neck area, head and back help reduce the pain
  • Sleeping on a firm pillow ensures that your neck does not hurt while you are asleep
  • Anti-inflammatory medicines can work on neck sprains, however, you will have to consult your doctor to see if such medicines will not cause any harm to you
  • Physical therapy or taking help of a physiotherapist
  • Applying ice for the initial 24 hours
  • Generating heat to the neck with the help of a moist towel
  • Using muscle relaxants
  • Upon proper consultation and examination, Surgery is the final step that you proceed to in order to treat your neck sprain

For diagnosis and treatment of neck sprain, visit the orthopedic doctors at OrthoTexas, Plano. To schedule an appointment, call at (972) 985-1072 or visit 4031 West Plano Parkway Suite 100, Plano, TX 75093,

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Orthopedic Treatment For Lumbago

by Administrator 19. December 2014 10:07

Lumbago refers to a condition causing pain or discomfort in the lower back area. Often, the term is used interchangeably for low back pain. The intensity of pain in Lumbago can either be mild or severe and the condition may last for a few days or can continue even for months. In majority of cases, the pain also radiates down to the pelvis as well as upper legs.

Mainly, Lumbago can be classified into three stages:

  • Acute Lumbago: In this stage, the pain lasts for about three to four weeks. The condition may cause mild discomfort and difficulty in performing daily chores.
  • Sub-Acute Lumbago: This stage persists for more than four weeks till about three months. It is important to visit an orthopedic physician to treat Lumbago at this stage before it deteriorates further.
  • Chronic Lumbago: Low back pain that lingers on for more than three months can be termed as chronic. It can be caused due to multiple conditions and may require a thorough treatment plan to be cured completely.

Causes

  • Muscle, ligament or tendon injury
  • Lifting heavy weights
  • Overstressing the body
  • Poor posture
  • Excessive weight
  • Skeletal damage
  • Joint damage
  • Pregnancy
  • Herniated discs
  • Spinal Arthritis
  • Spinal Stenosis
  • Scoliosis
  • Spinal Tumor
  • Gynecological Problems

Symptoms

  • Mild or severe pain in the lower back that may radiate to the back of the thigh, buttocks and the groin area
  • Pain increases while moving or bending
  • Postural changes, the patient may slant to one side
  • Muscle spasms in the spine
  • Tingling and numbing sensation in the back, legs and buttocks
  • Curvature in spine

Treatment

  • Rest: Taking proper rest is very effective to treat acute Lumbago. This allows the stressed muscles to relax and restore their normal range of motion. However, resting for more than a few days may lead to weakening of the muscles and aggravate the pain.
  • Heat and ice packs: Applying ice or hot packs also helps to reduce inflammation in the lower back.
  • Medications: The orthopedic doctor may also prescribe certain over the counter anti-inflammatory medications to reduce pain.
  • Exercises: Certain stretching and strengthening exercises can also help to increase the flexibility of spine, thus, reducing the chances of pain.

Surgery may be recommended as a treatment option only in severe or chronic Lumbago. OrthoTexas provides surgical as well as non-surgical treatment for all stages of Lumbago. To schedule an appointment with the orthopedic physician in Flower Mound, call at (972) 899-4679.

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Physical Therapy For Sports Injuries: Plano Orthopedics

by Administrator 12. December 2014 09:23

Many sports injuries like ligament sprains, muscle strains, bone fractures and dislocations require Physical Therapy sessions to heal completely. It can be very distressing for athletes to compromise on their sports career due to an injury. Physical therapy can help heal sports injuries and offer relief from the pain. Physical Therapy is also helpful in returning flexibility back to the injured muscle or body part.

Here are some of the physical therapy techniques that might be included in your treatment plan:

  • Ice Pack Application: This method is often prescribed to treat acute sports injuries. Applying ice on the affected area can help to reduce swelling and pain. The physical therapist may apply an ice pack wrapped in a towel to your injured part for about 20 to 30 minutes.
  • Heat Pack Application: If your injury has not caused any swelling, heat pack may be used by the physical therapist to relive pain and ease muscle stiffness. The pack may be applied for about 20 to 30 minutes. It can also help to boost the recovery process by increasing blood flow to the injured joints.
  • Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulator (TENS): This battery operated device is used to transmit minute electric current to the injured body part. It will produce a tingling sensation and help to relieve pain.
  • Ultrasound: This is deep heating equipment used to direct sound vibrations to the tissues. The physical therapist may use ultrasound waves to heat up and soften the affected tissues so that they get healed completely.
  • Soft Tissue Mobilization: This massaging technique may be used to decrease swelling, ease pain, relax stiff muscles and reduce tissue adhesions. The physical therapist may use different hand movements involving deep pressure and rhythmic stretching.
  • Range Of Motion Exercises: These can be helpful to increase the joint’s range of motion. Performing range of motion exercises regularly can be beneficial to maintain the mobility of joints and muscles.
  • Gait Training: Some sports injuries require the patient to walk using a crutch or brace to avoid putting stress on the affected body part. The physical therapist may help you understand the correct way to use the walking device as well as getting used to wearing it.

To know more about the benefits and techniques of physical therapy for sports injuries, visit OrthoTexas, Plano, TX. To schedule an appointment with the physical therapists, you can call at (972) 985-1072.

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Knee Cartilage Injuries & Treatments In Carrollton, TX

by Administrator 5. December 2014 14:08

Knee cartilage injuries are common sports injuries that occur due to damaging of cartilage in the knee that cushions and stabilizes the joint. The cartilage is known as meniscus and the injury is also known as a meniscus tear. Meniscus protects the bones from wear and tear. However, due to twisting or stress, the cartilage tears and exposes the bones to damage. Often the shredded cartilage breaks and blocks the knee joint, thus locking it up. Knee cartilage injuries are common in contact sports such as football and basketball.

Causes

  • Contact and non contact sports
  • Twisting of knee while running or sudden change in direction
  • Weakening of cartilages and muscles with old age
  • Falling on the knee
  • Trauma or accident

Symptoms

  • Pain in the knee
  • Swelling
  • Inflammation
  • Inability to put weight on the leg
  • A popping sensation during the injury
  • Difficulty in bending knee
  • Problem in straightening the leg
  • Locked up knee

Diagnosis

To diagnose the problem, the doctor thoroughly examines the patient and inquires about their medical history. The physician also recommends x-rays and other imaging tests such as MRI tests, which helps in evaluating knee cartilage in detail and determine the extent of the injury.

Treatment

Depending upon the size and location of the tear, the physician may offer different treatment for the knee injury. Many other factors such as age, activity level, extent of the injury and medical history also contribute in deciding the line of treatment. An injury to the outer side of meniscus usually heals on its own as it has a good supply of blood vessels. However the situation is not same when the injury is deep and affects the inner of the cartilage. Such injuries do not heal on own and require medical treatment.

The patient is often prescribed anti-inflammatory medicines to reduce swelling and inflammation. The patient can get relief by taking rest and discontinuing any activity that puts strain on the knee. If the injury does not heal with time, then surgery is the only solution. If unable to repair, the surgeons may replace the damaged portion of the knee with metal or plastic parts. In the most severe case, the patient has to undergo a total knee replacement, in which, the knee is replaced with an artificial joint.

To treat traumatic injuries, the patient may be recommended an Arthroscopic surgical treatment. It is a minimal invasive surgery, which is performed using an arthroscope. The surgeon removes or repairs the torn meniscus and the patient can recover in a few weeks to a month after the surgery. A physical therapist can help the patient regain the strength and flexibility of the muscles post surgery.

For more information, consult the knee doctors at OrthoTexas. To schedule an appointment, call at (972) 492-1334 or visit   4780 North Josey Lane, Carrollton, TX 75010.

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