Scoliosis: Orthopedic Treatment In Frisco, TX

by Administrator 25. November 2014 08:08

Scoliosis is a common medical condition that is defined as abnormal curvature of the spine. The flexible structure of the spine, which is made of a number of vertebrae, makes humans twist and bend their bodies in all directions. Although the spine curves front to back at the chest, neck, and lower back; however, in patients with Scoliosis, the spine shows sideways curvature. A scoliosis curve is often C or S shaped and the ribs stick out more on one side.

The condition is usually mild but in case the condition is severe, then the space between the ribs reduces and this disrupts breathing and strains the heart. If not treated on time, the condition causes compression and damage to the spinal nerves, which may cause Paralysis.

Causes

The exact cause of Scoliosis is not clear however it is either congenital or idiopathic. The problem often occurs just before puberty and girls are more prone to Scoliosis as compared to boys. The condition also occurs in patients with nervous problems such as Cerebral Palsy. Even people with Marfan Syndrome or Skeletal Dysplasia are prone to Scoliosis. Arthritis and other problems with age also lead to degenerative Scoliosis in adults.

Symptoms

  • Pain
  • Deformity of the spine
  • Uneven shoulders and waist
  • One hip higher than other
  • Shoulder blade sticks out
  • Ribs stick out on side
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Back pain
  • Uneven arm length while on standing straight

Diagnosis

The patient needs to consult an orthopedic doctor who will physically examine the spinal curve from sides, front and back. The doctor may look at the symmetry of the patient’s body to see any misalignments. He may also notice reflexes, muscle strength and range of motion. The orthopedic physician may also recommend imaging test such as X-ray or MRI to determine the cause and extent of the deformity.

Treatment

It is always easier to treat the condition, if the problem is detected early. Scoliosis is not preventable; however, the symptoms can be lessened if treated early, especially in the growing years of a child. The advancement in orthopedic techniques has made it easier to manage Scoliosis. To treat mild curves, the orthopedic physician uses braces during the childhood growth and prevents the condition from worsening. If this non-surgical method does not work out, then surgery may be performed. The spinal fusion involves joining the vertebrae and has a high success rate. This is a minimal invasive surgery and the orthopedic surgeon usually prescribes certain medications to reduce inflammation and promote healing after the surgery.

For complete diagnosis and treatment of Scoliosis, visit the spine specialists at OrthoTexas. To schedule an appointment, call at (214) 618-5502 or visit  5757 Warren Pkwy, Suite 180, Frisco, TX 75034.

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Olecranon Bursitis: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

by Administrator 18. November 2014 09:19

Olecranon Bursitis is a common medical condition with symptoms like inflammation and swelling in the Bursa. Bursa is a small fluid filled sac located at the outer portion of the elbow which provides a soft covering to the elbow and allows for smooth movements when straightening or bending the joint. Inflammation can cause the Bursa to produce more fluid and thus form a painful bubble at the tip of the elbow.

The condition is also known as ‘Water Elbow’, ‘Baker’s Elbow’ or Student Elbow’. At OrthoTexas, Plano, TX, we provide complete diagnosis and treatment to the patients suffering from Olecranon Bursitis.

Causes

  • Trauma: A direct or indirect blow to the elbow tip can cause the Bursa to swell and produce more fluid.
  • Prolonged pressure: Resting on the elbow tip for long hours on hard surfaces, like a tabletop, may also cause this condition. People with certain occupations, such as technicians or plumbers, are more at risk as they have to lean on their elbows for long periods.
  • Other medical conditions: People with Rheumatoid Arthritis or Gout are also more prone to develop Olecranon Bursitis.

Symptoms

  • Swelling at elbow tip
  • Stiffness of the joint
  • Pain when the elbow comes in contact with anything
  • Restricted movement of the elbow
  • A bubble, which may or may not be red, protruding out of the elbow
  • Fever, in rare cases

Diagnosis

The orthopedic doctor will physically examine the symptoms and the medical history of the patient. He may also recommend certain imaging tests, such as X-rays, to rule out the possibility of any other problem.

Treatment

The orthopedic doctors at OrthoTexas prefer to treat Olecranon Bursitis using non-surgical techniques which may include:

  • Elbow Pads: This helps by providing a cushioning to support the elbow.
  • Medications: Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications can also help to reduce pain and swelling.
  • Activity modification: Avoiding activities that puts strain on the elbow can also help relieve the symptoms.
  • Injections: If the symptoms do not begin to subside even after a few weeks, the orthopedic doctor may prescribe injecting steroid medications directly into the Bursa.

Surgery may be recommended in severe cases of Olecranon Bursitis. If the Bursa has been infected, the doctor may remove the Bursa to allow the formation of a new and normal one over time. To schedule an appointment with the orthopedic doctors at OrthoTexas, Plano, you can call at (972) 985-1072

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Orthopedic Treatment For Meniscal Tears

by Administrator 11. November 2014 11:54

The knee joint is made of Tibia, Fibula and Patella, and it has cartilages between the thighbone and the shinbone. These cartilages, Menisci, cushion the joints and protect them from injury. Menisci provide stability to the joint and help in distribution of nutrients to the tissues which prevents Degenerative Arthritis.

A Meniscal Tear is the tearing of Menisci that are located between Tibia and Femur. This knee injury is common among people who play contact sports, athletes and those who overuse the knee.

Causes

  • Squatting of knee during sports
  • Twisting of knee
  • Sudden blow to the knee
  • Degenerative Meniscal Tear due to age
  • The Menisci weakens with age and are more susceptible to tear

Symptoms

  • A popping sound when the Meniscus is torn
  • Stiffness in joint
  • Swelling
  • Pain
  • Tenderness around knee joint
  • Locking of knee
  • Difficulty in straightening the knee
  • Inability to move the knee through its full range of motion

Diagnosis

If you are feeling pain you should see an orthopedic doctor who will physically examine the tear and your medical history. He will examine the tenderness around the joint and can recommend certain tests such as McMurray test. During the test, the doctor bends, straightens and rotates the knee to confirm a Meniscal Tear. The physician may also recommend imaging tests such as x-rays, MRI to confirm the injury.

Treatment

The treatment of Meniscal Tear depends upon your age, activity level and severity of the injury. The physicians may recommend either or both non-surgical and surgical treatment, depending upon the condition.

A small tear on the outer edge of the Meniscus, may be treated non-surgically. You may be advised to rest and avoid using your knee. The physician may ask you to use support while walking so that you do not put weight on your leg. You may be required to wear an elastic compression bandage for a few days until the tear heals. The physicians also recommend ice packs, anti inflammatory medications and elevation to reduce swelling.

In case the symptoms still persists after the treatment you will be recommended to undergo Arthroscopic surgery. This is a common procedure involving the trimming of damaged Meniscal tissue. Often the Meniscal tear is repaired by stitching the torn pieces. Strengthening exercises are helpful and usually recommended by the doctor after the procedure.

The knee doctors at OrthoTexas provide treatment for Meniscal Tears and a range of other knee conditions. To schedule an appointment, call at (972) 492-1334.

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