26. June 2014 06:54
Among the many kinds of spinal conditions that affect people, one of the most serious is Spondylolisthesis which is a condition where one vertebra of the human body gets displaced and pushes up against another adjacent vertebra. Ideally, the arrangement of vertebrae in the spine resembles a neat stack but for people affected with spondylolisthesis, one particular vertebra slips and shift from its normal position and pushes up against the one directly below it, causing an abnormality. The symptoms are many and treatment is also a slow process.
- Degenerative spondylolisthesis, the most commonly found kind of spondylolisthesis, is caused by gradual degeneration of the spinal column due to aging and overuse. All kinds of body tissues tend to degenerate with advancement of age, including bones, muscles, joints and ligaments, all of which are responsible for the holding together of the vertebral column. With years of age related damage, there can be loss of stability and integrity in these tissues, till the point where the tissues becomes so weak as not to be able to maintain the proper position of the vertebral column.
- People with the bone defect spondylolysis can be affected by a variety of Spondylolisthesis called isthmic spondylolisthesis. Spondylolysis is usually the result of a repetition of small amounts of trauma to the spine from a very young age, which causes a defect in one particular area of the linkage between adjacent vertebrae. According to spine specialists, if this condition affects both sides of a particular level of the spinal column, the result is isthmic spondylolisthesis.
- Other factors which can cause the onset of Spondylolisthesis are congenital defects of the spine, cases of trauma, tumors, lesions and past cases of surgery.
Spondylolisthesis can have a wide range of different symptoms varying from person to person and depending on the severity of the condition. In cases where the condition is mild, there can be intermittent cases of pain in the back especially when the back is arched. In more serious cases, due to the fact that the spinal nerve gets pinched by the affected vertebra, nerve related symptoms can emerge. This can include severe pain in a leg, a feeling of numbness and loss of sensation, tingling sensations resembling electric shocks and, in some rare cases people might also face bowel and bladder problems.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Diagnosis of the condition is usually through a thorough physical examination, aided by the use of diagnostic devices like x-rays or CT scans. The line of treatment for Spondylolisthesis varies greatly, depending on the severity of the condition and the symptoms and the age of the person affected. In case the slip is mild and the symptoms are within control, treatment is usually nonsurgical and consists of implementation of good posture, adequate rest, and the modification of day to day activities so as not to put pressure in the area and to aid natural healing. If the problem is severe and has the potential to worsen further, the orthopedic spine surgeon might recommend surgical procedures. The surgical procedures are usually carried out to bring about stabilization and balance the spinal column.
Visit the spine specilists in Plano, TX for thourough diagnosis and treatment of Spondylolisthesis. You can locate them at 4031 West Plano Parkway Suite 100, Plano, TX 75093.
18. June 2014 10:54
The spinal cord is an important part of the central nervous system and consists of a number of vertebrae that have delicate nerves and tissues, which extend from brain to the back. The cord links the brain to the other parts of the body and any injury or trauma to the spinal cord can have serious consequences. A spinal cord injury often results from a severe blow to the spinal column. Often athletes, divers, players, surfers, etc., are at high risk of spinal injury.
Causes: People suffer from spinal injury due to various reasons including:
- Road accidents
- Industrial accidents
- Sports injuries
- Violent attack
- Certain diseases such as arthritis, polio, cancer, infections, inflammation of spinal disks
- Osteoporosis or certain other conditions make the spinal cord weak and susceptible to injuries.
Symptoms: Some of the symptoms of spinal cord injuries include
- Loss of any sensation
- Inability to move
- Reflexes and spasms
- Loss of bladder control or bowel
- Pain in neck, head, and back
- Coughing, difficulty in breathing
- Numbness and weakness
- Problems in maintaining balance
Diagnosis: The physicians can conduct various physical examinations to find out the extent of damage and some of the tests include X-rays, CT scans, MRI and Myelogram. These tests determine which parts of the chord are affected and the extent of damage. These tests also let the surgeon determine the recovery time and how treatment should proceed.
Treatment: Spinal cord injury is an condition that needs to be treated immediately. The spine doctors, after a correct diagnosis, can also prescribe medicine to reduce swelling and inflammation. In certain cases, surgery is required when a bone or tissue presses on spinal cord, in order to stabilize it. After stabilization of the cord, the surgeons will suggest treatment, which may include medicines to control the symptoms, physical therapy and surgical treatments. To relieve back pain and regain function, orthopedic surgeons may treat the injury both surgically and non-surgically.
If you have suffered a spinal cord injury, visit the spine specialists at OrthoTexas, Allen TX. They are located at 1125 Raintree Circle, Suites 100/100A, Allen, TX 75013.
11. June 2014 07:23
Back pain is one of the most common problems faced by people around the world today. Back pain results from various different factors and each case of is unique. Minor cases of back pain can be cured within a few weeks with minimal treatment while major problems might even need surgery and post-operative rehabilitation to get better. Thus pain needs proper diagnosis before treatment can commence and no matter what the causes are, proper orthopedic treatment of back pain is a must for complete recovery.
Types of back pain
Back pain can be a result of a number of different factors. The most common among these are –
- Mechanical Problems – These are issues which are a result of lack of relaxation, proper alignment and balance in the back region. Typically, these take time to build up and usual symptoms include tension in the back, spasms, and degeneration, deterioration and breakdown of joints.
- Impact Damage and Injuries – A large number of cases of back pain happen as a result of injuries. Accidents, falls from a height and impact damage contribute in a major way to being the root causes of the pain. Injuries can also cause sprains, bruising and fractures in the back.
- Acquired Conditions – These are diseases which contribute to back pain which include arthritis, osteoarthritis, abnormally curved spinal column and some other conditions. Fatigue, lack of rest and repetitive stress can cause circumstance which lead to severe back pain.
When to seek orthopedic treatment
For minor cases of back pain a few days of rest might ease the pain. However if the pain is severe or does not go away you should consult an orthopedic surgeon. In case of accidents or falls it is imperative that you go for orthopedic care immediately to get the problem diagnosed and commence treatment.
Treatment for back pain usually starts off with the correct diagnosis of the causes and factors contributing to the pain, and the correct identification of the condition. As an aid to this, intense physical examination can be done coupled with diagnostic tests like x-rays, CT scans and MRIs. Depending on the condition and the severity of the symptoms your orthopedic doctor will either opt for non-surgical measures to heal the condition or make use of surgical techniques to heal the pain. Rest, immobilization, application of heat and ice, and physical therapy may be useful in certain cases, while for cases that need surgery, the doctor with advise proper post-surgery rehabilitation.
Visit the orthopedic doctors at OrthoTexas, Flower Mound TX for complete diagnosis and treatment for back pain. They can be visited at 4951 Long Prairie Rd, Suite 100, Flower Mound, TX 75028. To request an appointment, call at (972) 899-4679.
4. June 2014 12:55
Joint problems can be found among young children, women, active people and the elderly. These problems are one of the most common orthopedic issues that people face and can result from a number of different factors. Joint is the location where different bones in our body connect, which is helped by ligaments and tendons. The principle job of a joint is to lend stability, strength and range of motion to our body. Joint problems can sometimes be difficult to deal with, depending on the severity of the symptoms and the amount of damage caused. Here are some common kinds of joint problems that people usually suffer from.
Classified into different types, Arthritis is a condition that causes inflammation of the joints. This can happen due to many reasons including age related deterioration, wear and tear, damage from overuse or impact, a decrease in the right amount of cartilage and auto immune disorders. Arthritis is seen in people from all ages and this condition can affect a variety of different joints in the body. The common symptom of arthritis is a feeling of stiffness in the joints which slowly gives rise to joint pain. Treatment of Arthritis is usually symptomatic with the focus being on speeding up natural healing and preventing further damage.
Osteoarthritis is the specific kind of arthritis which results from the gradual wearing out of cartilage tissue from the joints. Primarily seen as an age related condition, osteoarthritis can be seriously debilitating causing pain, stiffness and loss of range of motion. The treatment consists mostly of physical therapy, exercise and following better habits.
Rheumatoid Arthritis is a condition which involves the immune system and damage is caused to the joints by body’s own immune system. This auto-immune condition usually affects the hands and feet but can happen with other important joints as well. With no sure cure for this condition, the treatment is limited to measures meant to reduce pain and swelling.
Strains and Sprains
Among the most common joint problems, strains and sprains can be caused as a result of different physical activities and are usually easy to treat. While sprains involve damage to a ligament, strains have to do with damage to tendons and muscle tissue. These conditions are more frequently found in the legs, especially in the calf and thigh muscles. Common symptoms are bruising, inflammation, pain and cramps. The usual line of treatment of a sprain or strain includes rest, immobilization, ice packs and prescription of medication.