25. February 2014 09:53
Thighbone Fracture also called Femur Fracture is one of the most common conditions affecting children. This fracture is mainly caused when the largest and strongest bone of the body also called thighbone or “Femur” experiences forceful impact causing it to break. Read on to know about the causes, symptoms and treatment options for Pediatric Thighbone Fracture.
Causes: Listed below are a few common causes and risk factors of Pediatric Thighbone Fracture:
- Injury: Sometimes, falling off a great height can cause injury to the thighbone causing it to break.
- Trauma: A vehicle accident involving injury to the thighbone may lead to this condition.
- Sports: According to the sports doctors in Plano, Texas, kids associated with contact sports like basketball, soccer, football etc. are more susceptible to Pediatric Thighbone Fracture.
- Child abuse: Pediatric thighbone fracture may also be a consequence of child abuse.
Symptoms: Some of the common early and late symptoms of Pediatric Thighbone Fracture include:
- Popping or snapping sound at the time of injury
- Pain in the affected leg
- Swelling around the area
- Tenderness around the area
- Deformity of the thigh
- Limited range of motion
- Crackling or crunching sound when the leg is moved
Diagnosis: The patient must consult an orthopedic doctor if the aforementioned symptoms are observed. The doctor is more likely to perform physical examination test to evaluate the precise cause of symptoms. He may also perform imaging tests like X-Ray to determine the severity of condition. In addition to thigh, X-Ray of pelvis and knee joints may also be performed by the doctor to rule out other fractures.
Treatment: A proper and timely treatment for Pediatric Thighbone Fracture is vital. Some of the treatments that may be recommended by the doctors to the patient include:
- Medication: Pain relieving medicines may be prescribed by the doctor for instant relief.
- Spica casting: During this treatment procedure, a spica cast is applied around leg to all the way up to chest to keep the broken thighbone bone in correct position.
- Traction: This procedure involves the use of pulley system of weight and counterweight to realign the broken fragments.
- Surgical treatment: In severe cases, the orthopedic doctors may also suggest surgery. Some of the common surgeries for Pediatric Thighbone Fracture include plating, intramedullary fixation and external fixation.
18. February 2014 09:40
De Quervain's Tenosynovitis is a serious medical condition in which extensor pollicis brevis and the abductor pollicis longus tendons get inflamed. These are the tendons present on the inside of wrist and forearm. Any hand injury can put stress on these tendons resulting in inflammation and pain. Although De Quervain's Tenosynovitis is mostly found in women but according to orthopedic doctors, everyone is susceptible to it. Read on to know more about this condition.
Causes: Some of the common causes and risk factors of De Quervain's Tenosynovitis include:
- Activities: According to the hand and wrist pain doctors, performing activities that involve repeated motion of thumb and hand may lead to this condition. Some of these activities include squeezing, pinching, grasping etc.
- Arthritis: It has been medically proven that people with rheumatoid arthritis are more prone to developing De Quervain's Tenosynovitis.
- Pregnancy: There’s a growing evidence of association between pregnancy and De Quervain's Tenosynovitis.
- Age: Some researches reveal that middle aged women are more susceptible to this condition.
Symptoms: Listed below are a few common early and late symptoms of De Quervain's Tenosynovitis:
- Extreme pain over the thumb
- Increasing pain in the inside of wrist
- Difficulty in grasping the object
- Pain while twisting the wrist
- Redness in the area
- Swelling over the thumb and wrist
- Formation of fluid-filled cyst
- Snapping sensation when the thumb is moved
- Inability to move thumb and wrist
- Some people may also experience pain in forearm.
Diagnosis: Orthopedic doctors perform physical examination to determine the severity of condition and rule out other hand and wrist condition such as intersection syndrome. They may also perform Finkelstein test. During this test, the doctors may ask you to make a fist by placing your thumb against the hand. You may also be asked to bend the wrist towards the little finger. Extreme pain around thumb during the Finkelstein test confirms the prevalence of De Quervain's Tenosynovitis.
Treatment: Some of the common treatment options for De Quervain's Tenosynovitis include:
- Rest: The doctors may suggest refraining from the physical activities. You may also be suggested to apply ice on the affected wrist.
- Medication: Anti-inflammatory medication may be prescribed by the doctor to relieve pain and swelling.
- Surgical procedure: Surgery may be recommended in severe cases.
11. February 2014 05:36
Post Traumatic Arthritis is a common form of arthritis in which the foot or ankle joints get worn out. Any injury causing damage to the cartilage or bone can result in Post Traumatic Arthritis. Although this arthritis is mostly found in athletes but according to the joint doctors at OrthoTexas, McKinney, Texas, everyone is susceptible to Post Traumatic Arthritis.
Other types of arthritis include:
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
Causes: Listed below are a few common causes and risk factors of Post Traumatic Arthritis:
- Injury: As stated earlier, any direct trauma or injury affecting the foot can lead to this condition.
- Medical conditions: It has been medically proven that conditions like fracture or sprain may result in post-traumatic arthritis.
- Other: Sometimes, an improper healing of foot fracture can affect the cartilage or bone which may further lead to Post Traumatic Arthritis.
Symptoms: Some of the common early and late symptoms of Post Traumatic Arthritis include:
- Intense pain in the foot
- Tenderness and stiffness around the foot
- Limited range of motion
- Severe swelling around the affected joint
- Inability to perform any physical activity
- Deformity of the joint
- Redness or warm sensation in the affected joint
- Creaking or crunching sound when the foot is moved
- Formation of bone spurs and lumps around the joint
- Fluid accumulation in the joint
Diagnosis: It is important that you seek an immediate medical help in McKinney if the aforementioned symptoms are observed. The orthopedic doctors in McKinney will perform physical examination to study the exact cause of symptoms. They may also perform imaging tests such as X-Ray, MRI, and CT scan to rule out other orthopedic conditions. Blood tests may also be conducted by the doctors.
Treatment: The treatment for post-traumatic arthritis strictly depends on the diagnostic report. The most often recommended treatments, however, include:
- Medications: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) may be prescribed by the doctors to relieve pain and inflammation.
- Physical therapy: You may also be referred to a physical therapist to help you regain the lost strength and flexibility. A range of stretching, strengthening and motion exercises may be suggested by the physical therapist.
- Orthodics: Use of shoe inserts, arch supports or special footwear may be recommended by the doctor to offer comfort and support to the feet.
- Surgical procedure: In severe cases of post-traumatic arthritis, arthroscopy, arthrodesis or arthroplasty surgery may be suggested by the orthopedic surgeon.
4. February 2014 05:31
Distal Radius Fracture is a painful medical condition in which the radius near the wrist breaks. Radius is basically the largest bone of the forearm that controls the movement of arm and provides support to the muscles in the arm. Some of the common
Distal Radius Fractures include:
- Colles Fracture
- Open Fracture
- Comminuted Fracture
- Intra-Articular Fracture
- Extra-Articular Fracture
Read on to know the causes, symptoms and treatment options for Distal Radius Fractures.
Causes: Given below are a few common causes and risk factors of Distal Radius Fractures:
- According to the hand and wrist pain doctors at OrthoTexas, Frisco, falling onto the outstretched arm can lead to this fracture.
- It has been medically proven that a direct blow to the wrist can also cause the radius bone to break.
- Some researches reveal that people with osteoporosis are more prone to these fractures.
- People above 60 years of age are more susceptible to Distal Radius Fractures.
- Other factors that may increase the risk of distal radius fractures include poor nutrition, post-menopause, decreased muscle mass etc.
Symptoms: Listed below are the common early and late symptoms of Distal Radius Fractures:
- Immediate pain in the affected wrist
- Tenderness around the wrist
- Bruising and swelling around the area
- Numbness in the wrist
- Skin discoloration
- Inability to move wrist
Diagnosis: it is important that you immediately consult an orthopedic doctor if the aforementioned symptoms are noticed. The doctors will then perform physical examination tests and run imaging tests like MRI and X-Ray scan to determine the severity of condition.
Treatment: If left untreated, the Distal Radius Fractures may have major consequences. Some of the common treatment options for Distal Radius Fractures include:
- Splint and cast: A wrist plaster splint or cast may be applied and molded by the doctor to provide stability to the affected wrist.
- Reduction process: During this process, the doctors re-align the broken bone fragments and then mold the plaster on the wrist.
- Surgical procedure: Surgery may be recommended by the doctors in severe cases of distal radius fractures. During the surgery, cast, metal pins, plate, screws or external fixator may be used by the doctors to hold the bone in position.
- Post-surgery: Use of cast or splint may be recommended after the surgery. You may also be referred to a physical therapist to help you with rehabilitation.