24. July 2013 13:24
Most of the people spend a significant part of their day in offices sitting in front of their computers. The sedentary lifestyle coupled with long sitting hours can lead to a lot of health problems. Among them back pain is one of the most common health issues being encountered by people at work nowadays.
If you too are experiencing discomfort in your back, you must consult an expert orthopedic doctor and get the requisite treatment. If you delay the treatment, the back ache can get worse and interfere with your performance at office.
Read on to know the different ways in which you can prevent back pain at work:
- Your seating posture needs to be altered after sometime at work so that your back does not face extreme pressure. In order to avoid pain, you must change your posture from time to time. A good posture is very important to prevent any injury to the back. Also, make sure that your work desk as well as computer screen is positioned correctly.
- The chair on which you sit and work must be stable in one position. Keep in mind that while sitting, your thighs should be positioned at right angles to your body. Keep your feet firmly on the floor or use the footrest according to what is comfortable for you. Your back doctor can advice you more on the correct seating positions.
- Take short breaks in between your work to provide rest to your back. Just stand up and take a small walk around the office and your back will definitely feel better.
- Exercising regularly will make your back strong and you will be able to sit for longer hours without any sort of problems. Also, make an effort to lose the extra flab on your body since being fat can put more pressure on your back.
- When at work, do not lift any objects carelessly without paying attention to your posture. Keep the object close to your waist and keep your back as straight as possible. Do not twist your back or lean towards the sides as this can cause back pain. If you are dealing with heavy objects, do not pull them. Instead, pushing them is a better option.
Keeping all the above important pointers in mind will help you avoid back pain at work. Also, your back will become stronger as well as less prone to injuries.
18. July 2013 09:19
Olecranon is the tip of the elbow in human body that is highly susceptible to injuries and fractures. This can be attributed to its location, which is directly under the skin; there is no protective layer of tissues or muscles. So any direct impact or falling over the elbow can result in a fracture.
An Olecranon fracture can occur due to a number of reasons. A direct blow or being hit by a hard object could be one of them. At times, it might so happen that the person falls on the weight of the outstretched arm and the elbow can get directly exposed to a fracture. In most of the cases, Olecranon fractures are a consequence of impact hitting by objects like a bat or a stick.
Olecranon fractures are characterized by the following symptoms:
- The person experiences sudden intense pain in the elbow.
- It becomes difficult to straighten the elbow because of the pain.
- The fracture could also be accompanied by swelling in the area.
- Bruises and cuts also become prominent.
- A fracture in the elbow can also impact hands. The fingers tend to get numb and it becomes difficult to hold objects.
- Pain in joints plays a major part; it can considerably reduce the mobility.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Olecranon fractures are synonymous with intense pain and swelling. Hence required medical help must be sought immediately to avoid worsening the situation. An orthopedic doctor will look for any bruises in the injured area as they make the skin prone to infections.
The doctor will also examine areas in and around the elbow to check for any tenderness that might be there. Tenderness can be indicative of other broken bones or injuries that the patient may have sustained.
Body parts such as arms, hands, and shoulders are also thoroughly examined in order to check the mobility of joints.
Treatment involves both surgical and non-surgical procedures. Any of them could be employed depending upon the extent of injury.
- Pain killers can be given to alleviate the extent of pain and swelling in the elbow.
- In certain cases, a sling will suffice to hold the elbow in its position during the healing process. This form of treatment calls for regular X-rays to check the progress, and also to determine any additional measures that may be required.
- In cases where the fracture is severe, a surgery has to be carried out by the orthopedic doctor to bring the elbow back to its place.
- Antibiotics can also be administered so as to eliminate the chances of infection.
11. July 2013 10:10
Also known as Talipes Equinovarus, clubfoot is a common disorder of the feet, in which the feet assume a deformed position. In severe cases of the disorder, the foot turns inward, while the bottom is contoured upwards. Other patients might have one foot that is smaller than the other, while in some cases both the feet might be rotated from the front to face each other. The disorder is usually congenital, and affects both feet in more than 50% of the cases. Even though the disorder is painless in infants, orthopedic treatment should begin immediately when the abnormality is noticed, since complications can arise with age of it is left untreated.
- Postural clubfoot is caused by incorrect positioning of the developing baby in the mother’s womb.
- The disorder is also believed to have a hereditary basis, being passed on in alternate generations. This means that if one of your parents has clubfoot, chances are that it will also occur in your child.
- Clubfoot could also be linked to other disorders of the nerves, spine, brain, muscles, and bones. It is thus advisable that infants with clubfoot also undergo screening for spina bifida and other related disorders.
- The disorder is usually not accompanied with any pain or inflammation.
- It involves a visible deformity that gets worse with time if left untreated. This could be downward-pointing toes, inward turning of the foot, etc.
- Children with club foot often find it difficult to participate in normal play activity, and can also have trouble finding well-fitting footwear.
- Development of corns and ulcers on the outside of the foot as a result of abnormal walking pattern.
- The pediatric orthopedic surgeons at OrthoTexas are well-experienced in treating this condition. Treatment must not be delayed, and should be started immediately the condition is diagnosed.
- Non-surgical treatment involving manipulation of the foot using casts, splints, or tapes, is done within 3 days of birth. The treatment takes around 6 weeks, and must be performed under constant supervision and evaluation, along with regular physical therapy.
- Success of the treatment is evaluated through an X-ray examination. The child usually has to wear special footwear for 2-3 years after treatment.
- Surgery is very rare for clubfoot treatment, and might be needed in case of severe abnormality in the tendons and ligaments.
4. July 2013 05:47
The human hand is made up of basically two types of bones. These are known as: the phalanges and metacarpals. While phalanges are the finger bones, metacarpals are the bones that constitute the knuckles.
In simple terms, a hand fracture occurs when any of these bones in the hand gets broken. The advice of an expert orthopedic doctor is a must in case of a hand fracture. He will be able to recommend the best and most suitable treatment options that will work the best for you.
Read on to know about the causes, symptoms and treatment for hand fractures…
A person can suffer from any one of the following types of fractures:
- Non-displaced: In this case, the bone breaks but does not get displaced from its original position.
- Displaced: The bone cracks into two separate pieces.
- Open fracture: The broken bone comes out of the skin.
- Comminuted: The bone cracks at several places.
A hand fracture can happen due to any of the following reasons:
- One of the major reasons for a hand fracture is an injury due to a road or sports accident.
- You can suffer from a hand fracture if your hand receives a direct blow while indulging in sports like boxing etc.
- Too much usage of the hand or constant pressure on it can also lead to a fracture.
- Sports such as tennis as well as softball can also cause of stress fractures.
Below mentioned symptoms are associated with a hand fracture:
The pain aggravates with the movement of hand or wrist.
- Sharp pain in the hand when you try to pick up an object.
- Inflammation in the skin of the affected hand. Even bruises can show up in such cases.
- Weakness and numbness in the affected hand.
- The shape of the hand can become irregular or abnormal.
You must immediately visit an orthopedic doctor in case you suffer from a hand fracture. He will conduct a thorough examination of your wrist and also check for the bruises and open breaks in the skin. The doctor will also check the movement of your hand to fully determine the extent of your condition.
X-Rays, bone scans, CT scans etc can be recommended to take the pictures of your hand and carefully see the damage that has occurred. After a proper examination, you might have to undergo any of the following treatment options:
- In order to minimize the movement of your hand, a brace, cast or splint can be use by the orthopedic doctor. This helps to quicken the pace of healing. If the fracture is in a particular finger, it is tied or strapped to the next finger for a decreased movement.
- You will also be given medications to cut down the pain. Also, antibiotics are prescribed so as to treat any sort of infection caused by bacteria.
- If you have an open fracture, a tetanus shot is important so as to prevent the onset of tetanus.
- Surgery can be required in case of an open fracture.